2018 is the 65th anniversary year of the International Association for Community Development. To celebrate, the organisation has published a special birthday edition of its magazine, Practice Insights.
This issue reflects on the lessons of the past to draw inspiration for the future. IACD members were invited to submit the names of people from around the world whom they felt had shaped our profession since 1953. The criterion was that the people proposed had shaped the profession through their practice, policy, research or writing upon the field nationally and internationally.These submissions informed the wide range of stories and contributions that are profiled in the issue.
This is the report of a conference held in University College Cork, Ireland, in October 2015 to discuss research carried out by UCC researchers and the views of representatives from the wider voluntary and community sector on the impact of both austerity cuts and changes to central and local government funding on the sector.
With the onset of the economic crisis on 2008, a range of austerity measures introduced by Irish Government led to severe cuts in funding to the voluntary and community sector in Ireland. Accompanying this was an on-going process of policy change since the late 1990s, linked to Government attempts to align the sector with central and local government priorities and agenda. The latter culminated in the passing of the Local Government Reform Act 2014, which attempted to bring the community and voluntary sector under greater local and central government control, and included the introduction of competitive tendering for service contracts established by the State, in place of grants for community sector organisations.
Issues raised by the research and discussed at the conference included the implications of such changes for collaboration and co-operation in the sector in an atmosphere of increased competition for resources, community development as a method of work, the independence of the sector, and notions of participative democracy and grassroots engagement.