An international collaboration of publishers, researchers, research institutions, and funders is currently working to establish a global registry called ORCID®. The purpose of ORCID is to allow researchers and contributors to academic publications to create for themselves a unique, lifelong ORCID identifier. OUP, in conjunction with our technology partners, is currently rolling out ORCID-related support.
The adoption of ORCID iDs throughout the research, funding, and publishing life cycle will bring significant benefits – simplifying researchers’ workflows, resolving name ambiguity, and ensuring correct attribution of research and other activities.
Resolving name ambiguity
Every researcher’s ORCID iD will uniquely identify themselves among the global research community. A researcher’s ORCID identifier will be persistent throughout changes in the researcher’s own name, or throughout changes in affiliation with research institutions.
Name ambiguity is a global issue. A study in the J Med Libr Assoc found that up to 69% of Spanish authors are indexed under more than one name. Another in JCDL 2009 found 70% of names in Medline are non-unique. In recent years, the growth in published research from Asian countries has caused particular challenges for systems which attempt to disambiguate authors using only name and/or institution. The top 100 surnames in China account for 84.77% of the population. By comparison, in the United States, the top 100 surnames account for only 16.4% of the US population [source]. Names including special characters, or requiring transliteration also result in multiple variants. ORCID solves all of these name ambiguity problems by providing researchers with unique identifiers.
Furthermore, authors with name variations throughout their publication career (for example, name changes following marriage or divorce) can link all variations of their names to one ORCID identifier.
Ensuring correct attribution
ORCID provides a simple and transparent method of linking research activities and outputs to individuals. These links, as well as other information such as alternative names, and biographical information, are available on a researcher’s ORCID profile page.
Simplifying researchers’ lives
As more systems throughout the research and publishing cycle support ORCID, processes such as manuscript submission, grant application, preparing funding reports, bibliography maintenance, and research evaluation exercises will become more efficient and streamlined. For example, authors will be able to identify themselves in journal manuscript submission systems using their ORCID profile rather than re-entering their details in separate systems each time.
An industry-wide solution
Rather than individual funding organizations, universities, or publishers building solutions in their own domains to provide robust author identification, ORCID solves this problem once, centrally. The ORCID registry has been designed to be easily integrated by any third party service that needs author identifiers.
How authors and researchers get ORCID iDs
Any author or researcher can go to orcid.org and create an ORCID iD for themselves for free.
A rapidly growing number of academic institutions are integrating their network sign in systems with ORCID. If you are a member of an institution, you should contact your local IT staff to inquire how you can connect your ORCID iD with your institutional username.
OUP’s plans for ORCID support
OUP is a strong supporter of ORCID and has contributed to ORCID's startup funding. We are currently rolling out ORCID support in our publishing systems.
Journal submission systems The first phase, beginning Q4 2013, is to add ORCID support on submission sytems (ScholarOne Manuscripts®, Editorial Manager®, and BenchPress®). ORCID will be an optional field which the submitting author can fill in. Existing authors can also add an ORCID iD to their account. The submission system connects with the ORCID database to allow the author to sign in, thereby confirming their identity and validating the ORCID iD. This approach ensures that every ORCID iD collected by our submission systems is validated by the author.
Display of ORCID iDs As ORCID identifiers are collected, they will be included in the source XML data for articles and displayed online, in compliance with recommended practice issued by ORCID.
ORCID-enabled functionality ORCID functionality online will initially allow users to link to the ORCID website to view an author’s profile and list of publications. ORCID identifiers will also be displayed on web pages, and downstreamed to third parties in XML data feeds, where supported.
ORCID organization governance
ORCID is an independent non-profit organization. It is governed by an elected Board of Directors comprised of fourteen members of the global scholarly research community, majority non-profit. The Board is responsible for establishing general policies for the governance of ORCID, based on a set of core principles, among them openness and transparency. The ORCID platform's code is posted in an open source repository.
The current board of directors is listed on the ORCID website. In addition to the Board of Directors, ORCID has several Working Groups open to the research community as well as a global ORCID Ambassadors programme.