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Instructions to Authors

Aims and Scope


Analysis is the most established and esteemed forum in which to publish short discussions of topics in philosophy. Analysis maintains a distinctive, concise style and covers a wide range of topics including: philosophical logic and philosophy of language, metaphysics, epistemology, philosophy of mind, and moral and political philosophy.

Analysis invites submission of papers on any philosophical topic that are:

  • analytical in style
  • written with great clarity
  • on topics of current interest
  • brief (normally fewer than 4000 words, and preferably fewer than 3000)

We do look with interest at papers that continue recent threads of debate in Analysis, but, because of the intense pressure on space, we have a policy of not normally publishing critiques of papers that have appeared in other journals. Nor do we publish exegeses of the Great Dead Philosophers.

Manuscripts are accepted for publication on the understanding that they have been submitted solely to Analysis and that they have not been previously published elsewhere either in whole or in part. Authors may not submit papers that are under consideration for publication elsewhere, and, if an author decides to offer a submitted paper to another journal, the paper must be withdrawn from Analysis before the new submission is made.

The Editor will make every effort to deal with submissions to the journal as quickly as possible. All papers will be acknowledged within a few days by email and will receive preliminary editorial review within two weeks. We practise triple anonymity: the Editor receives the submissions in anonymous form, as do referees, and authors are not informed of the identity of referees.

A proportion of papers are sent on to referees, and all accepted papers will have been refereed. Referees' reports are sent on to the author if the referees agree, though in the interests of speed referees may give brisk verdicts for the Editor's eyes only. Referees are drawn principally from the Analysis Committee and other UK philosophers.

Manuscripts should be sent in anonymous form, and include an abstract of no more than 100 words and a list of keywords, which will be published only in the online version. A separate file/sheet should give the author’s details, including the email address.

We aim to give authors a decision within eight weeks, and frequently much faster. Once accepted, papers are usually published online within six weeks.

Analysis Reviews

Analysis Reviews is devoted to reviewing recent work in analytic philosophy. It carries detailed book symposia in which two or three writers comment on a book and the author replies; articles surveying recent work in specified fields; longer critical notices; and shorter reviews. Analysis Reviews does not cover the history of philosophy or continental philosophy, except insofar as works in these areas may have central relevance to analytic philosophy.

Manuscript Submission, Analysis

Papers for consideration may be submitted by email.

To submit by email please send your submission as an attachment to the journal at:

The paper should be fully anonymous, with the author’s/authors’ details and email address(es) in a separate file.

If your paper is accepted, please send its final version in MS Word format as an email attachment to the journal's email address ( Please also send a pdf file of any equations, proofs or formulae. A hard copy of the final version, together with a completed Licence to Publish form, should be sent by post. The Licence to Publish should also be faxed to OUP, as per the instructions on the form.

Please note that rejected papers are not returned.

Note also that books for review should not be sent to Professor Clark at the University of Nottingham. For details of where to send books for review, please go to Publishers' Books for Review.

Manuscript Presentation, Analysis

The journal's language is English, and British English spelling and terminology should be used. Spelling in references should follow the original. Abbreviations should be explained at the first occurrence. Articles must be word-processed, ideally using MS Word, and should be double-spaced throughout allowing good margins. All self-identifying information should be removed from manuscripts, and should appear in the title page only. Personal citations may be retained as long as these citations do not identify the author of the article to reviewers.

As noted above, an abstract of no more than 100 words, and a list of keywords, should be added at the end of your paper.

If your paper is accepted for publication in Analysis, you should apply the following guidelines to the final version of the manuscript that you send to the journal for production.

General rules of layout

The basic rule for layout of papers is to keep it simple. Do avoid complicated features like auto-numbering of examples and sections, and minimize use of italics, although please use italics, rather than underlining, for emphasis etc.

  • Never finish a line with a carriage return except at the end of a paragraph.
  • Never use spaces to indent a paragraph, or to align text - always use tab stops.
  • Never insert stray spaces between words.
  • Never insert a space before a comma, colon or other punctuation mark.

Do not include page numbers or headers or footers in the electronic version.

The title page of the article should include the manuscript title and the name of the author.

Section headings

In the case of longer papers, it can be helpful to divide the piece into numbered sections, and the sections may also be given headings, left-aligned, thus

3. Limiting the options

But please do not overdo this device.

Affiliations and address for correspondence

Please include your addresses, postal and email, on the cover sheet.

Use a short form for the postal address, and only indicate your department if it is not a philosophy department.


Quotations over twenty-five words long will appear as indented material, so such quotations should be clearly set off from the surrounding text. Do not use quotation marks around indented material. The reference for the source of the quotation should normally appear as part of the indented material, thus

  • …, and we possess knowledge. (Jones 1981: 44–45)

Other displayed material, such as numbered propositions for discussion, should also be indented and clearly separated from the surrounding text.


Footnotes are to be kept to a minimum, and should not be used for the routine citation of references. Abbreviated footnotes such as 'op.cit. p. 123' should never be used. Footnotes should appear at the foot of the page containing the reference marker.


Acknowledgements to colleagues etc. for help and advice etc., should be keyed to the end of the text as the final footnote.

Funding or thanks for research funding should be made in a separate section entitled ‘Funding’. The following rules should be followed: The sentence should begin: ‘This work was supported by …’

  • The full official funding agency name should be given. Grant numbers should be given in brackets as follows: ‘[grant number xxxx]’
  • Multiple grant numbers should be separated by a comma as follows: ‘[grant numbers xxxx, yyyy]’
  • Agencies should be separated by a semi-colon (plus ‘and’ before the last funding agency)
  • Where individuals need to be specified for certain sources of funding the following text should be added after the relevant agency or grant number 'to [author initials]'.

Bracketing Numbered propositions should be marked '(1)', '(2)' and not '1.', '2.'.

Latin phrases Those which are sufficiently familiar like 'vice versa' and 'a priori' will not be printed in italics and should therefore not be italicized in your final version. Do not italicize 'modus ponens', 'modus tollens', etc. Less common foreign phrases should, however, be italicized. For example:

Roman: ad hoc, ad infinitum, a posteriori, a priori, contra, modus ponens, modus tollens, per se, prima facie, vice versa

Italic: argumentum ad hominem, ceteris paribus, de dicto, de re, eo ipso, inter alia, mutatis mutandis, pace, reductio (ad absurdum), simpliciter

We follow the Oxford Dictionary for Writers and Editors to decide which words to italicize.

Punctuation Single quotation marks are to be used except for quotation within a quotation. 'Scare quotes' - to be used very sparingly - should also be single quotes, as here. The placing of other punctuation marks with respect to quotation marks should be guided by logic. For example, if the quotation is a whole sentence, then its full stop should appear inside the scope of the quotation marks; while if the quoted phrase functions as only part of a sentence, then the full stop should fall outside the quotation marks, thus

  • … this is indeed 'a fancifully fancyless medium of unvarnished news'.

If you possibly can, use different symbols for left-hand and right-hand quote marks.

Where you want to print a dash, use (if possible) an en dash with a space either side. Alternatively, type -- as in this example -- a double hyphen.

Spelling North American spelling should be Anglicized. In particular, note the preferred spellings of: analyse, behaviour, colour, defence, premiss (pl. premisses), sceptic, USA (not U.S.A.).

Possessives should in general follow pronunciation, so: Evans's, Lewis's, Williams's.

On the question of using 'ize' versus 'ise' endings, we will follow Oxford style for the sake of uniformity. So: criticize, standardize, realize.

But note: analyse, analysing, exercise.

The Oxford Dictionary for Writers and Editors is the chosen authority here for deciding between alternative spellings.

References to numbered sections within the text should take the form '§1', etc.

Symbolism Do please use the standard TrueType Symbol font.

We aim for a certain consistency in the use of symbols.

  • Use '&' rather than '.' for conjunction,
  • Only use the horseshoe where the material conditional is definitely meant; otherwise use an arrow for a conditional.
  • Use the tilde for classical negation and '¬' for intuitionist negation; avoid expressing negations by slashing through symbols, other than those for identity and set-membership.
  • Don't enclose quantifiers in parentheses.
  • Use the box and diamond for modalities.

Symbolic letters (particularly lower-case letters as in 'two objects a and b are ...', 'Jack believes that p', 'at time t2') should normally be italicized.

Acronyms Please avoid multiplying acronyms: they should be used very sparingly.

Oxford commas (serial commas): should not be used. Lists should be in the following format: 'this, that and/or something else'.


Authors are asked to pay particular attention to the accuracy and correct presentation of references. The author-date system recommended by The Chicago Manual of Style (see 14th Edition, chapter 16, for more details) should be used. Endnote: You can download the current reference style for Analysis and Analysis Reviews at EndNote's website.

A reference list should appear at the end of the manuscript headed 'References' and should include only those references cited in the text. References should be double spaced, arranged alphabetically by author, and chronologically for each author. References on this list should appear in the following style:

  • Appiah, A. 1986. The importance of triviality. Philosophical Review 94: 209–31.
  • Dennett, D. C. 1987. Mid-term examination. In his The Intentional Stance, 339–50. Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press.
  • Dummett, M. 1993. The Seas of Language. Oxford: Clarendon Press.
  • Gibbard, A. 1981. Two recent theories of conditionals. In Ifs, ed. W. L. Harper, R. Stalnaker and G. Pearce, 211–47. Dordrecht: Reidel.
  • Heal, J. 1999. Thoughts and holism: reply to Cohen. Analysis 59: 71–78.
  • Heidegger, M. 1959. Introduction to Metaphysics. Trans. K. Manheim. New Haven: Yale University Press.
  • Quine, W. V. 1976. Carnap and logical truth. In his Ways of Paradox, 107–32. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press.
  • Smith, P. and O. R. Jones. 1986. The Philosophy of Mind. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Authors are responsible for the accuracy of references and quotations.

Please note very carefully the various conventions.

  • Journal article titles have 'sentence' punctuation, and are not enclosed in quotation marks, but end with a period.
  • Journal titles and book titles have 'headline' punctuation with significant words in capitals.
  • Journal volume numbers are given in arabic, not roman, numerals.
  • Omit 'pp.' from page number citations. Give the last two digits for page ranges, with an en-dash ('-') as separator.
  • Every reference finishes with a period.

Citations of these works in the body of the text should take the short form '(Appiah 1986: 212)', or 'Appiah (1986: 212) has argued that...', or 'see Dummett 1993 and Dennett 1987 for more details'. Please note the following conventions:

  • If it is obvious from the context who the author is, a citation like (1986: 212) suffices.
  • If you want to refer to the paper use 'Appiah 1986' (without brackets): 'Appiah (1986)' refers to the philosopher - it means 'Appiah (in his 1986 paper)'.
  • Omit 'p.' or 'pp.', using a colon to separate dates from page numbers.

The following extract, from the Chicago Manual, §8.69, gives the abbreviation system to be used for inclusive page numbers.

Less than 100Use all digits3–10, 71–72, 96–117
100 or multiple of 100Use all digits100–104, 600–613, 1100–1123
101 through 109 (in multiples of 100)Used changed part only, omitting unneeded zeros107–8, 505–17, 1002–6
110 through 199 (in multiples of 100)Use two digits, or more if necessary221–25, 295–306

Manuscript Submission, Analysis Reviews

Once you have prepared your manuscript according to the instructions below, please send your article by e-mail attachment as a Word document (not a PDF, or a LaTex document) to

Manuscript Presentation, Analysis Reviews

In addition to following the style guidelines for Analysis (see above), it would be helpful if authors followed the sample style: sample style


Proofs will be sent to corresponding authors via email as a PDF file. It is therefore essential that all submissions contain the e-mail address of the corresponding author. To avoid delays in publication, proofs should be checked immediately for typographical errors and returned as intructed in the proof e-mail.


The publisher supplies a URL for online access to the article free of charge. Printed offprints can be ordered using the Oxford Journals Author Services site. You will receive a link to this site from the Production office when your paper has been accepted for publication in the journal.

Conflict of Interest

Departmental colleagues of the Editor are not debarred from having submissions considered, but no such paper is accepted unless recommended by an external referee.


It is a condition of publication in the Journal that authors complete a Licence to Publish form. Upon receipt of accepted manuscripts at Oxford Journals authors will be invited to complete an online copyright licence to publish form.

Please note that by submitting an article for publication you confirm that you are the corresponding/submitting author and that Oxford University Press ("OUP") may retain your email address for the purpose of communicating with you about the article. You agree to notify OUP immediately if your details change. If your article is accepted for publication OUP will contact you using the email address you have used in the registration process. Please note that OUP does not retain copies of rejected articles.

Crossref Funding Data Registry

In order to meet your funding requirements authors are required to name their funding sources in the manuscript. For further information on this process or to find out more about the CHORUS initiative please click here.