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Instructions to authors

Please read and follow these instructions carefully, doing so will ensure that the review and publication of your paper is as rapid and efficient as possible. The Editors reserve the right to return manuscripts that are not prepared in accordance with these instructions.


Authors should submit postscript, LaTex, PDF or Word files via Instructions can be found here. Please contact the Editorial Office on for additional help with manuscript submission.

Work submitted for publication must be previously unpublished, not under consideration for publication elsewhere and, if accepted, it should not then be published elsewhere in the same form. If previously published figures, tables or parts of text are to be included, the copyright-holder's permission must have been obtained prior to submission.

Authors should supply a list of between three and five referees who would be suitable to referee the paper. Please enclose full name, email and full postal addresses.


OUP offers pre-submission language editing through Oxford Language Editing, a service for researchers all over the world. Language editing, particularly if English is not your first language, can be used to ensure that the academic content of your paper is fully understood by the journal editors and reviewers. Visit to find out more about the freelance editors available and the different services offered. Please note that edited manuscripts will still need to undergo peer-review by the journal.


Upon receipt of accepted manuscripts at Oxford Journals authors will be invited to complete an online copyright licence to publish form.

Please note that by submitting an article for publication you confirm that you are the corresponding/submitting author and that Oxford University Press ("OUP") may retain your email address for the purpose of communicating with you about the article. You agree to notify OUP immediately if your details change. If your article is accepted for publication OUP will contact you using the email address you have used in the registration process. Please note that OUP does not retain copies of rejected articles.

It is a condition of publication in the Journal that authors grant an exclusive licence to BCS. This ensures that requests from third parties to reproduce articles are handled efficiently and consistently and will also allow the article to be as widely disseminated as possible. In assigning copyright, authors may use their own material in other publications, provided that the Journal is acknowledged as the original place of publication, and Oxford University Press is notified in writing and in advance.


At the point of submission, The Computer Journal’s policy requires that each author reveal any financial interests or connections, direct or indirect, or other situations that might raise the question of bias in the work reported or the conclusions, implications, or opinions stated - including pertinent commercial or other sources of funding for the individual author(s) or for the associated department(s) or organization(s), personal relationships, or direct academic competition. When considering whether you should declare a conflicting interest or connection please consider the conflict of interest test: Is there any arrangement that would embarrass you or any of your co-authors if it was to emerge after publication and you had not declared it?

As an integral part of the online submission process, Corresponding authors are required to confirm whether they or their co-authors have any conflicts of interest to declare, and to provide details of these. If the Corresponding author is unable to confirm this information on behalf of all co-authors, the authors in question will then be required to submit a completed Conflict of Interest form to the Editorial Office. It is the Corresponding author’s responsibility to ensure that all authors adhere to this policy.

If the manuscript is published, Conflict of Interest information will be communicated in a statement in the published paper.


Details of all funding sources for the work in question should be given in a separate section entitled 'Funding'. This should appear before the 'Acknowledgements' section.

The following rules should be followed:

  • The sentence should begin: ‘This work was supported by …’
  • The full official funding agency name should be given, i.e. ‘National Institutes of Health’, not ‘NIH’ (full RIN-approved list of UK funding agencies) Grant numbers should be given in brackets as follows: ‘[grant number xxxx]’
  • Multiple grant numbers should be separated by a comma as follows: ‘[grant numbers xxxx, yyyy]’
  • Agencies should be separated by a semi-colon (plus ‘and’ before the last funding agency)
  • Where individuals need to be specified for certain sources of funding the following text should be added after the relevant agency or grant number 'to [author initials]'

An example is given here: ‘This work was supported by the National Institutes of Health [AA123456 to C.S., BB765432 to M.H.]; and the Alcohol & Education Research Council [hfygr667789].’



Papers must be clearly written in English. The text should be presented on A4 or an equivalent size. Please submit your manuscript in Computer Journal format using the LaTeX document preparation system in conjunction with the comjnl.cls file. If this is not possible then please ensure that the manuscript is in single-column format and double line-spaced. Margins of at least 25 mm should be left around all sides of the text. Please number each page but provide a short running title on the title page only. Ensure that any unusual symbols or letters are clearly identifiable. Manuscripts submitted in other journal styles may be returned to you for re-formatting.

The manuscript should contain the following information: the full and a short title, and a complete list of authors, their affiliations and addresses; the main text; all figures and tables, and references. The corresponding author should be identified along with both his/her postal and e-mail addresses, and telephone and fax numbers.


The accuracy of the references is the author's responsibility. Only published articles or reports readily accessible in the general literature should be cited. The references should appear in the text in numerical order, as should the reference list. Where there are more than 10 contributing authors please list only the first author and useet al. The following format for references should be followed:

  • Journal article: Galton, A. (1992) Logic as a formal method. Comp. J., 35, 431-440.
    (authors, year, title of paper, title of journal, volume number, page numbers)
  • Book: Hogger, C. (1990) Essentials of Logic Programming. Clarendon Press, Oxford. (authors, year, title of book, publisher, publisher location)
  • Chapter: Harel, D. (1984) Dynamic logic. In Gabbay, D. and Guenther, F. (eds), Handbook of Philosophical Logic. D. Reidel, Dordrecht.
    (authors, year, title of chapter, editors, title of book, publisher, publisher location)
  • Conference: Crochemore, M. and Verin, R. (1997) Direct construction of compact directed acyclic word graphs. Proceedings of CPM 97, Cambridge, MA, 12-14 August, pp. 192-211. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.
    (authors, year, title of paper, title of conference, place of conference, date of conference, page numbers in proceedings, publisher, publisher location)
  • Technical documents: ITU-T. Z.500 (1997) Framework on formal methods in conformance testing. International Telecommunications Union, Geneva, Switzerland.
    (document number, year, document title, publisher, publisher location)
  • Advance Access papers: Rae, A. and Fidge, C. Information flow analysis for fail-secure devices. Advance Access published December 15, 2004, 10.1093/comjnl/bxh056.
    The same paper in its final form would be cited:
    Rae, A. and Fidge, C. Information flow analysis for fail-secure devices. Comp. J., 48, 21-56. First published December 15, 2004: 10.1093/comjnl/bxh056.
  • Electronic source (web site/web page): Authors, title, web address (day month year, date last accessed).

Tables should be clear and self-explanatory. Vertical rules will not be used in the published version. Any footnotes required should be indicated using superscripted letters.

Footnotes to the main text are acceptable and should be identified by superscripted numbers. Footnotes should also appear on the page of citation.

Figures can be presented within the text of the paper, however, all figures should be supplied in an electronic format (EPS only). Figures should be formatted to fit into, or be reduced to, a single (85 mm) or double (178 mm) column width. Please also supply a legend for each figure.

Halftones should be of sufficient quality with respect to detail, contrast and fineness of grain to withstand the unavoidable loss of contrast inherent in the printing process.

Colour figures are acceptable for publication. However, due to the high costs involved, authors will be invoiced after publication for the full cost incurred. Authors should contact the publisher for details prior to submission.

Word-processed documents

Authors should provide an electronic copy of the manuscript which will be used for typesetting. Most Macintosh or PC-based word processing packages are acceptable for translation and publication in The Computer Journal. All manuscripts will undergo some editorial modification so it is important to check proofs carefully. Please try to follow the guidelines listed below, they are designed to reduce production delays and minimise editorial changes and thus the possible introduction of errors.

  • Save the text as a single word processor file.
  • Please cite and list references in journal style (see above).
  • Complex displayed equations will still be manually typeset, therefore please check the proofs carefully.
  • Use carriage returns to end headings and paragraphs only, not to introduce space between paragraphs and headings.
  • Remove automatic justification, page numbering, footnotes, hyphenation, and running heads.


The Computer Journal class file is based on the article.cls file, as discussed in the LaTeX 2e manual. This guide is not a substitute for the manual.

LaTex Prep zip file Contains all the elements needed to prepare your submission in LaTeX.

To download the updated cls files successfully, you will need to save the file on your local hard drive. Therefore, please follow these instructions: If using a two-button mouse, right click and select 'Save Target As... ' option. Then save it as a file to your local hard drive. If on a Mac, please press and hold the mouse button over the link. A context-sensitive menu will then appear. Choose the 'Download Link to Disk' option. Then save it as a file to your local hard drive.

LaTeX bst file for Computer Journal

Front matter

The title is specified with a \title command. A short title is also obtainable by enclosing text in square brackets.

\title[This is the short title] {This is the main title}

Each author should be entered in a separate \author command. After this should follow an address in an \affiliation command; just one affiliation needs to be entered, so long as it is entered after the last author for that affiliation.

If you need to give the same affiliation twice, if an intervening author has a different address. The system will detect this and not print the affiliation twice, but will add appropriate markers to the author names to associate them with the correct affiliation. After exactly one author you should specify a full correspondence address and an email address. The following example will make this clearer.

Two authors, same address: \author{First Author} \author{Second Author} \affiliation{Department of Style, University of TeX, Country} \email{}

Two authors, two addresses: \author{First Author} \email{} \affiliation{Department of Style, University of \TeX, Country} \author{Second Author} \affiliation{Department of Files, University of LaTeX, Country}

Other commands present, which are used by the Journal's production staff are: \shortauthors{initials & surnames} \received{month date, year} \revised{month date, year} \volumenumber{00} \issuenumber{0} \volumeyear{1996} \begin{abstract} \end{abstract} \begin{document} \maketitle


As this journal is set in two columns, you may wish to make use of the two-column versions of the floats:

\begin{figure}, \begin{table}

Figure and table floats work as in article class except that the /small font is used and the table captions are ruled.


By default (or with the mathptm option) this class uses Adobe Times Roman for the text font and the mathptm Adobe Times Italic based maths fonts.

The cmfonts option causes the class to revert to the standard TeX Computer Modern Fonts. On many installations this is much more convenient for previewing on screen.

A third option mathtime uses Adobe Times Roman for the text fonts and the 'mathtime' Times Italic based math fonts---it should be noted that these latter fonts are commercial.


The Computer Journal uses the numbering style of references, with reference number 1 being first reference mentioned in the text. References in the text should be cited by using:

\cite{ref1, ref2}

This produces \cite{ref1, ref2} in the text.

The reference list should be as free from author macros as possible. For example, the Reference list is started by:


And each reference is then added as:

\bibitem{ref1} Author, F. F. (1996) How to write my paper in the style of The Computer Journal. {\it Comp. J.}, {\bf 00}, 000--000.

To end the bibliography, type:




\begin{eqnarray} a&=&\frac{1}{\pi} \int^\infty_{-\infty} \frac{\Lambda}{1-2^{1/4x}}\,dx\\ &=&{\cal A}\frac{1+{\Bbb Z}}{1-{\bi t}}. \end{eqnarray}

Please use \$ for mathematics where possible. For example:

A compare and steer operation takes place resulting in the maximum of $A_n$ and $B_n$ being transferred to $D_n$ and the minimum of $A_n$ and $B_n$ transferred to $C_n$.

Other commands

Theorems and the like

These sections are, for example, begun with:

\begin{theorem} Then you enter your text. \end{theorem}


You begin the Acknowledgements section by typing:


And then adding your text.


One round of page proofs will be sent to the corresponding author for checking. To avoid delays in publication, proofs should be checked and returned immediately by email, or fax, to the Production Editor (The Computer Journal), fax: +44 (0)1865 355760. Extensive changes to the text of the paper may be charged to the author. The publisher will provide each author with free online access to their paper. Offprints, or single issues of the journal, may be ordered using the Oxford Journals Author Services Site. Orders from the UK will be subject to the current UK VAT charge. For orders from elsewhere in the EU you or your institution should account for VAT by way of a reverse charge. Please provide us with your or your institution’s VAT number.


For information about this journal's policy, please visit our Author Self-Archiving policy page.


The Computer Journal authors have the option to publish their paper under the Oxford Open initiative; whereby, for a charge, their paper will be made freely available online immediately upon publication. After your manuscript is accepted the corresponding author will be required to accept a mandatory licence to publish agreement. As part of the licensing process you will be asked to indicate whether or not you wish to pay for open access. If you do not select the open access option, your paper will be published with standard subscription-based access and you will not be charged.

Oxford Open articles are published under Creative Commons licences. Authors publishing in The Computer Journal can use the following Creative Commons licences for their articles:

• Creative Commons Attribution licence (CC-BY)

Please click here for more information about the Creative Commons licences.

You can pay Open Access charges using our Author Services site. This will enable you to pay online with a credit/debit card, or request an invoice by email or post. The open access charges applicable are:

Regular charge - £1750/ $2800 / €2275
List B Developing country charge* - £875 / $1400 / €1135
List A Developing country charge* - £0 /$0 / €0

Discounted rates are available for authors based in some developing countries (click here for a list of qualifying countries).

Please note that these charges are in addition to any colour charges that may apply.

Orders from the UK will be subject to the current UK VAT charge. For orders from the rest of the European Union, OUP will assume that the service is provided for business purposes. Please provide a VAT number for yourself or your institution and ensure you account for your own local VAT correctly.

If you have any queries about your manuscript or submission problems please contact:

For production enquiries, please contact:

Production Editor
Oxford Journals, Oxford University Press,
Great Clarendon Street
Oxford OX2 6DP