# Instructions to Authors

## PREPARATION OF MANUSCRIPTS

Manuscripts must be submitted online. Once you have prepared your manuscript according to the instructions below please visit the online submission web site. Instructions on submitting your manuscript online can be viewed here.

Manuscripts should be prepared carefully according to the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition bibliographic ("B") reference style. The most important rule of good style is to be consistent throughout a manuscript. Manuscripts accepted for publication must conform strictly to these style guidelines, and the editor reserves the right to make appropriate changes. If a manuscript is not in suitably usable condition, the editor reserves the right to postpone or refuse publication or request retyping. Authors should note that, once accepted, these will not be edited for language by the publisher.

Manuscripts should ideally be prepared and submitted using the TeX class file (available here as a .zip file, accompanied by notes on usage). Once a Tex file is created, it can be uploaded directly through the online submission system outlined above. We will no longer be accepting manuscripts in Word format but authors experiencing difficulty with the submission of their TeX file may submit their paper in PDF format. All manuscripts should be double-spaced, including text, tables, figure captions, and references. Please italicize court cases and nonnaturalized words of foreign origin. Otherwise, please use italics sparingly. Do not use boldface text or all capitals except for acronyms. Acknowledgments should be placed as an unnumbered author's note at the end of the manuscript. Please keep such notes brief. Main headings within the manuscript should be centered on the page and typed entirely in capitals. Subheads within main headings should be typed flush to the left margin in italicized capital and lowercase letters.

### Figures

Please be aware that the requirements for online submission and for reproduction in the journal are different: (i) for online submission and peer review, please upload your figures either embedded in the word processing file or separately as low-resolution images (.jpg, .tif, .bmp, .pdf, .pptx or.eps); (ii) for reproduction in the journal, you will be required at revised submission stages to supply high-resolution .tif files (1200 d.p.i. for line drawings and 300 d.p.i. for color and half-tone artwork) or high-quality printouts on glossy paper. We advise that you create your high-resolution images first as these can be easily converted into low-resolution images for online submission. For useful information on preparing your figures for publication, go to http://cpc.cadmus.com/da. Figures reproduced in colour in the print journal will incur a charge of £350.00 per figure. You will be asked to approve this cost in an e-mail after your article is accepted for publication.

Please note that all labels used in figures should be in upper case in both the figure and the caption. The journal reserves the right to reduce the size of illustrative material. The number of illustrations should be kept to a minimum. Captions for figures should be listed on a separate sheet. All tables must bear a title. Footnotes may be used in the tables but not in the text.

### Theorem labeling

Theorems, lemmas, propositions, corollaries, etc. should be labeled in order numerically according to the section and subsection in which they appear. So a theorem appearing in Section 2, subsection 3, part 1 would be labeled as 2.3.1. Please start with 1 and do not use letters for labeling.

### LaTeX tags

Authors are asked to use the LaTeX tags like \ref, \cite, etc., for the automatic referencing to figures, tables, reference citations, etc. If these are not used, the manuscript will be held up in acceptance and pre-production stages.

## AUTHOR SELF-ARCHIVING / PUBLIC ACCESS POLICY

Oxford Open articles are published under Creative Commons licences. Authors publishing in International Mathematics Research Notices can use the following Creative Commons licences for their articles:
• Creative Commons Attribution licence (CC-BY)

You can pay Open Access charges using our Author Services site. This will enable you to pay online with a credit/debit card, or request an invoice by email or post. The open access charges applicable are:

Regular charge - £1750/ $2800 / €2275 List B Developing country charge* - £875 /$1400 / €1135
List A Developing country charge* - £0 /\$0 / €0
*Visit our Developing Countries page for a list of qualifying countries

Please note that these charges are in addition to any colour/page charges that may apply.

Orders from the UK will be subject to the current UK VAT charge. For orders from the rest of the European Union, OUP will assume that the service is provided for business purposes. Please provide a VAT number for yourself or your institution, and ensure you account for your own local VAT correctly.

It is a condition of publication in the Journal that authors grant an exclusive licence to the Journal, published by Oxford University Press. This ensures that requests from third parties to reproduce articles are handled efficiently and consistently and will also allow the article to be as widely disseminated as possible. In assigning the licence, authors may use their own material in other publications provided that the Journal is acknowledged as the original place of publication, and Oxford University Press is notified in writing and in advance.

Upon receipt of accepted manuscripts at Oxford Journals authors will be invited to complete an online copyright licence to publish form.

## CONFLICT OF INTEREST

At the point of submission, International Mathematics Research Notices' policy requires that each author reveal any financial interests or connections, direct or indirect, or other situations that might raise the question of bias in the work reported or the conclusions, implications, or opinions stated - including pertinent commercial or other sources of funding for the individual author(s) or for the associated department(s) or organization(s), personal relationships, or direct academic competition. When considering whether you should declare a conflicting interest or connection please consider the conflict of interest test: Is there any arrangement that would embarrass you or any of your co-authors if it was to emerge after publication and you had not declared it?

As an integral part of the online submission process, Corresponding authors are required to confirm whether they or their co-authors have any conflicts of interest to declare, and to provide details of these. If the Corresponding author is unable to confirm this information on behalf of all co-authors, the authors in question will then be required to submit a completed Conflict of Interest form to the Editorial Office. It is the Corresponding author’s responsibility to ensure that all authors adhere to this policy.

If the manuscript is published, Conflict of Interest information will be communicated in a statement in the published paper.

## PERMISSIONS FOR ILLUSTRATIONS AND FIGURES

Permission to reproduce copyright material, for print and online publication in perpetuity, must be cleared and if necessary paid for by the author; this includes applications and payments to DACS, ARS and similar licencing agencies where appropriate. Evidence in writing that such permissions have been secured from the rights-holder must be made available to the editors. It is also the author's responsibility to include acknowledgements as stipulated by the particular institutions. Oxford Journals can offer information and documentation to assist authors in securing print and online permissions: please see Guidelines for Authors. Information on permissions contacts for a number of main galleries and museums can also be provided. Should you require copies of this then please contact the editorial office of the journal in question or the Oxford Journals Rights department Oxford Journals Rights department.

## FUNDING

Details of all funding sources for the work in question should be given in a separate section entitled 'Funding'. This should appear before the 'Acknowledgements' section.

The following rules should be followed:

• The sentence should begin: ‘This work was supported by …’
• The full official funding agency name should be given, i.e. ‘National Institutes of Health’, not ‘NIH’ (full RIN-approved list of UK funding agencies) Grant numbers should be given in brackets as follows: ‘[grant number xxxx]’
• Multiple grant numbers should be separated by a comma as follows: ‘[grant numbers xxxx, yyyy]’
• Agencies should be separated by a semi-colon (plus ‘and’ before the last funding agency)
• Where individuals need to be specified for certain sources of funding the following text should be added after the relevant agency or grant number 'to [author initials]'.

An example is given here: ‘This work was supported by the National Institutes of Health [AA123456 to C.S., BB765432 to M.H.]; and the Alcohol & Education Research Council [hfygr667789].’

## SUPPLEMENTARY MATERIAL

Supporting material that is not essential for inclusion in the full text of the manuscript, but would nevertheless benefit the reader, can be made available by the publisher as online-only content, linked to the online manuscript. The material should not be essential to understanding the conclusions of the paper, but should contain data that is additional or complementary and directly relevant to the article content. Such information might include more detailed methods, extended data sets/data analysis, or additional figures.

It is standard practice for appendices to be made available online-only as supplementary material. All text and figures must be provided in suitable electronic formats. All material to be considered as supplementary material must be submitted at the same time as the main manuscript for peer review. It cannot be altered or replaced after the paper has been accepted for publication, and will not be edited. Please indicate clearly the material intended as supplementary material upon submission. Also ensure that the supplementary material is referred to in the main manuscript where necessary, for example as "(see Supplementary material)" or "(see Supplementary Figure 1)."

Before submitting your manuscript you may wish to have it professionally edited, particularly if English is not your first language. This is not a mandatory step, but may help to ensure that the academic content of your paper is fully understood by journal editors and reviewers. Language editing does not guarantee that your manuscript will be accepted for publication. If you would like information about one such service please click here.

There are other specialist language editing companies that offer similar services and you can also use any of these. Authors are liable for all costs associated with such services.
Please note that regrettably the journal is no longer able to publish articles submitted in languages other than English.

Language Editing Pre-Submission
OUP offers pre-submission language editing through Oxford Language Editing, a service for researchers all over the world. Language editing, particularly if English is not your first language, can be used to ensure that the academic content of your paper is fully understood by the journal editors and reviewers. Visit www.oxfordlanguageediting.com to find out more about the freelance editors available and the different services offered. Please note that edited manuscripts will still need to undergo peer-review by the journal.

## The Journal

### Executive Editor

Peter Sarnak

Princeton University, USA