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Manuscript Preparation Instructions

Manuscript types
Manuscript format and style
Figures and illustrations
Permission to reproduce figures and extracts
Supplementary data
Copyright and licence
Advance Access


JRR has changed to a double-blind review process. This change is applicable from all submissions after 1 January 2015.

JRR uses a double-blind review process in which authors do not know the identity of their reviewers, nor do the reviewers know the identities of the authors. For the purposes of double-blind review, you should submit two versions of manuscripts: a Blinded and an Un-blinded version. We request that you should suitably anonymize your manuscript and remove any self-identifying information from the Blinded version of your manuscript. Reference to yourself within a reference should not be blinded for the ease of review. If you are unable to remove them, this will not affect the processing of your paper, but it does mean that the journal will be unable to guarantee you a double-blind review.

Please read these instructions carefully and follow them closely to ensure that the review and publication of your paper is as efficient and quick as possible. The Editors reserve the right to return manuscripts that are not in accordance with these instructions.

All material to be considered for publication in JRR should be submitted in electronic form via the journal's online submission system. Once you have prepared your manuscript according to the instructions below, instructions on how to submit your manuscript online can be found by clicking here.

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The journal publishes the following scientific article categories (case reports are not acceptable). All manuscripts will be peer reviewed by reviewers in the selected field that appears in submission process (review fields).

  • (i) Regular Paper: An original study relating to research on radiation. The article must be a full scientific paper, and the results must be performed under a well-organized experimental plan. The results should also be well-analysed and discussed. The manuscript sections must be arranged as follows: i) Title page, ii) Abstract, iii) Introduction, iv) Materials and Methods, v) Results, vi) Discussion, vii) Acknowledgements (optional), and viii) References. Please include a conclusion paragraph at the end of your discussion section but do not include a header. Manuscripts should not exceed a maximum of 7,000 words.
  • (ii) Technical Report: A scientific work which introduces novel skills, deals with new methods and techniques, and obtains results from the methods. The sections must be arranged as follows: i) Title page, ii) Abstract, iii) Introduction, iv) Materials and Methods, v) Results, vi) Discussion, vii) Acknowledgements (optional), and viii) References.
  • (iii) Short Communication: A scientific work which is either a brief report covering new methods or techniques, or a short manuscript describing results obtained in selected experiments. The sections must be arranged as follows: i) Title page, ii) Abstract, iii) Introduction, iv) Materials and Methods, v) Results and Discussion, vi) Acknowledgements (optional), and vii) References. The number of figures and tables must be four or less and the text must be a maximum of 2,000 words.
  • (iv) Review: Reviews are usually invited, and should cover recent advances in radiation research. The sections must be arranged as follows: i) Title page, ii) Abstract, iii) Introduction, and iv) References. Main sections should be coordinated by the author, and inserted between Introduction and Reference sessions. Please contact our office before submitting a manuscript in this category. Occasionally, Topical Reviews are also published, which should be brief reviews of topical interests, generally including references earlier than the past 5 years. These reviews are either invited or volunteered, and should not exceed a maximum of 10,000 words. Coordination of the session is same above.
  • (v) Miscellaneous: We may also include other categories such as Letter to the Editor, Award Article, Erratum, and so on. Award Articles are invited articles by awardees of the member society such as the Distinguished Scientist Award or the Young Investigator Award of JRRS.

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Use A4 (210 x 297 mm2) format with 25 mm margin on all sides, with text at 11 points and in Times New Roman. Please save your manuscript file Word, RTF, format, Figures and Tables can be saved in TIFF, GIF, JPEG, EPS, Excel and PowerPoint.

Do not use language specific 2-byte characters, e.g. Chinese, Japanese, Korean, and so on. Please be careful with invisible characters such as “space”, “line-feed”, and do not add line numbers to the page. Each page should have consecutive page numbers starting from the first page. One printed page consists of approximately 1,000 words without figures and tables.

Manuscript file must include a Title Page, Abstract, Main text, References, and Figure/Table Legends. Figures and/or Tables should be uploaded in separate files.

Manuscript Preparation

Page 1: Title Page

The title page should include: (1) Title of Paper; (2) Short Running; (3) Title and Names(s) of all authors; (4) Affiliation; (5) Details of corresponding author - Full name, Affiliation, Full postal address, E-Mail/Fax details; (6) Conflict of Interest statement; (7) Presentation at a conference; (8) Clinical Trial Registration number if required; (9) Total Page Numbers. Please number the pages - title page will be page#1.

Page 2: Abstract

Abstract should be prepared in one paragraph, with a limit of 250 words. No headings are required. It should describe the purpose, materials and methods, results, and conclusion in a single paragraph no longer than 250 words without line feeds. Please number the pages - abstract page will be page#2.

Keywords. Please provide 4 to 6 keywords which can be used for indexing purposes.

Page 3: Introduction

The Introduction should state the purpose of the investigation and give a short review of the pertinent literature, and be followed by:

Materials and methods. The Materials and methods section should follow the Introduction and should provide enough information to permit repetition of the experimental work. For particular chemicals or equipment, the name and location of the supplier should be given in parentheses.

Results. The Results section should describe the outcome of the study. Data should be presented as concisely as possible, if appropriate in the form of tables or figures, although very large tables should be avoided.

Discussion. The Discussion should be an interpretation of the results and their significance with reference to work by other authors.

Abbreviations. Non-standard abbreviations should be defined at the first occurrence and introduced only where multiple use is made. Authors should not use abbreviations in headings.

Funding. Details of all funding sources for the work in question should be given in a separate section entitled 'Funding'. This should appear before the 'Acknowledgements' section.

The following rules should be followed:

  • The sentence should begin: ‘This work was supported by …’
  • The full official funding agency name should be given, i.e. ‘the National Cancer Institute at the National Institutes of Health’ or simply 'National Institutes of Health' not ‘NCI' (one of the 27 subinstitutions) or 'NCI at NIH’ (full RIN-approved list of UK funding agencies)
  • Grant numbers should be complete and accurate and provided in brackets as follows: ‘[grant number ABX CDXXXXXX]’
  • Multiple grant numbers should be separated by a comma as follows: ‘[grant numbers ABX CDXXXXXX, EFX GHXXXXXX]’
  • Agencies should be separated by a semi-colon (plus ‘and’ before the last funding agency)
  • Where individuals need to be specified for certain sources of funding the following text should be added after the relevant agency or grant number 'to [author initials]'
  • An example is given here: ‘This work was supported by the National Institutes of Health [P50 CA098252 and CA118790 to R.B.S.R.] and the Alcohol & Education Research Council [HFY GR667789].

Crossref Funding Data Registry

In order to meet your funding requirements authors are required to name their funding sources, or state if there are none, during the submission process. For further information on this process or to find out more about the CHORUS initiative please click here.


Acknowledgements and details of non-financial support must be included at the end of the text before references and not in footnotes. Personal acknowledgements should precede those of institutions or agencies. Please note that acknowledgement of funding bodies and declarations regarding conflicts of interest should be given in separate Funding and Conflicts of interest sections, respectively.


References must be cited numerically as they appear in the text, and they must be written in English. For references with 4 or more authors, list 3 and use ’et al.’. Use a hyphen between characters of first name that consists with two Chinese characters (e.g. Chinese or Korean). Use ISO abbreviated journal names. Examples of references can be found below:

  • Journal articles:
    Kennedy T, Jones R. Effect of obesity on esophageal transit. Am J Surg 1985;149:177–81.
  • Books:
    Long HC, Blatt MA, Higgins MC et al. Medical Decision Making. Boston: Butterworth-Heinemann, 1997.
  • Chapters:
    Manners T, Jones R, Riley M. Relationship of overweight to haitus hernia and reflux oesophagitis. In: Newman W (ed). The Obesity Conundrum. Amsterdam: Elsevier Science, 1997,352–74.
  • Websites:
    Public Health Laboratory Service. Antimicrobial Resistance in 2000: England and Wales. (7 January 2004, date last accessed).

For more details, please consult the journal's mini style checklist.


All tables should be on separate pages and accompanied by a title - and footnotes where necessary. The tables should be numbered consecutively using Arabic numerals. Units in which results are expressed should be given in parentheses at the top of each column and not repeated in each line of the table. Ditto signs are not used. Avoid overcrowding the tables and the excessive use of words. The format of tables should be in keeping with that normally used by the journal; in particular, vertical lines, coloured text and shading should not be used. Please be certain that the data given in tables are correct.

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Please be aware that the requirements for online submission and for reproduction in the journal are different: (i) for online submission and peer review, please upload your figures either embedded in the word processing file or separately as low-resolution images (.jpg, .tif, .gif or. eps); (ii) for reproduction in the journal, you will be required after acceptance to supply high-resolution .tif files. Minimum resolutions are 300 d.p.i. for colour or tone images, and 600 d.p.i. for line drawings. We advise that you create your high-resolution images first as these can be easily converted into low-resolution images for online submission.

Figures will not be relettered by the publisher. The journal reserves the right to reduce the size of illustrative material. Any photomicrographs, electron micrographs or radiographs must be of high quality. Wherever possible, photographs should fit within the print area or within a column width. Photomicrographs should provide details of staining technique and a scale bar. Patients shown in photographs should have their identity concealed or should have given their written consent to publication.

When creating figures, please make sure any embedded text is large enough to read. Many figures contain miniscule characters such as numbers on a chart or graph. If these characters are not easily readable, they will most likely be illegible in the final version. Certain image formats such as .jpg and .gif do not have high resolutions, so you may elect to save your figures and insert them as .tif instead.

For useful information on preparing your figures for publication, go to


Permission to reproduce copyright material, for print and online publication in perpetuity, must be cleared and if necessary paid for by the author; this includes applications and payments to DACS, ARS and similar licensing agencies where appropriate. Evidence in writing that such permissions have been secured from the rights-holder must be made available to the editors. It is also the author's responsibility to include acknowledgements as stipulated by the particular institutions. Please note that obtaining copyright permission could take some time. Oxford Journals can offer information and documentation to assist authors in securing print and online permissions: please see the Guidelines for Authors section at Should you require copies of this then please contact the editorial office of the journal in question or the Oxford Journals Rights department on

For a copyright prose work, it is recommended that permission is obtained for the use of extracts longer than 400 words; a series of extracts totalling more than 800 words, of which any one extract is more than 300 words; or an extract or series of extracts comprising one-quarter of the work or more. For poetry: an extract of more than 40 lines; series of extracts totalling more than 40 lines; an extract comprising one-quarter or more of a complete poem.

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Supporting material that is not essential for inclusion in the full text of the manuscript, but would nevertheless benefit the reader, can be made available by the publisher as online-only content, linked to the online manuscript. The material should not be essential to understanding the conclusions of the paper, but should contain data that is additional or complementary and directly relevant to the article content. Such information might include more detailed methods, extended data sets/data analysis, or additional figures.

It is standard practice for appendices to be made available online-only as supplementary data. All text and figures must be provided in suitable electronic formats. All material to be considered as supplementary data must be submitted at the same time as the main manuscript for peer review. It cannot be altered or replaced after the paper has been accepted for publication, and will not be edited. Please indicate clearly all material intended as supplementary data upon submission and name the files e.g. 'Supplementary Figure 1', 'Supplementary Data', etc. Also ensure that the supplementary data is referred to in the main manuscript where necessary, for example as '(see Supplementary data)' or '(see Supplementary Figure 1)'.

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Open Access – JRR has adopted the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial Licence as set-out in the Oxford Open License Agreement . This allows anyone unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in part or in whole as soon as articles are accepted provided the original authors and full bibliographic details of the original source in JRR are stated clearly, as required by the licensee Oxford Journals ( Users do not need to obtain prior permission from the authors or publisher for non-commercial uses.

Authors publishing in JRR can use the following Creative Commons licences for their articles:
• Creative Commons Attribution licence (CC-BY)
• Creative Commons Non-Commercial licence (CC-BY-NC)

Details of how to sign the licence using our online system will be sent after acceptance.
Work submitted for publication must be original, previously unpublished, and not under consideration for publication elsewhere. If previously published figures, tables, or parts of text are to be included, the copyright-holder’s permission must have been obtained prior to submission. For more information on how to obtain permissions, please consult Rights and Permissions.

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Authors are sent page proofs by email. These should be checked immediately and corrections, as well as answers to any queries, returned to the publishers as an annotated PDF via email or fax within 3 working days (further details are supplied with the proof). It is the author's responsibility to check proofs thoroughly.

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Authors will receive electronic access to their paper free of charge. Printed offprints may be purchased in multiples of 100. Rates are indicated on the order form which must be returned with the proofs.

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Advance Access articles are published online soon after they have been accepted for publication, in advance of their appearance in a printed journal. Appearance in Advance Access (in either of the models below) constitutes official publication, and the Advance Access version can be cited by a unique DOI (Digital Object Identifier). When an article appears in an issue, it is removed from the Advance Access page.

Articles posted for Advance Access have been copyedited and typeset and any corrections included. This is before they are paginated for inclusion in a specific issue of the journal. Once an article appears in an issue, both versions of the paper continue to be accessible and citable.

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JRR adheres to the policy on conflict of interest promulgated by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors, which states, in part, that ‘to prevent ambiguity, authors must state explicitly whether potential conflicts do or do not exist.’ Following agreements considered to be done in the process of manuscript submission (by checking ‘yes’ at ‘Compliance of Instruction’).

  • This manuscript is original, has not already been published, and is not currently under consideration by another journal.
  • All the authors and the institutions where the work has carried out have approved submission of this manuscript.
  • Authors agree to the ethical procedures in their countries when human or animal subjects are involved in their research.