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Instructions to Authors


Manuscripts must be submitted online through our ScholarOne Manuscripts System. For full ScholarOne Manuscripts Instructions click here. Once you have prepared your manuscript according to the instructions please visit the online submission website.

The Leo Baeck Institute Year Book conducts double-blinded peer reviews. When uploading your manuscript it should include no identifying author information.


The word limit for articles is 7,000 words (including footnotes).


Please note that with the exception of memoirs, all essays should conform to British English spelling, punctuation and grammar conventions. When quoting from sources in a foreign language authors are requested to supply the original text as well, unless the quotation is taken from a published English translation.


Manuscripts should have ample margins and be double-spaced. The font should be set at 12 point Times New Roman, for readability. Do not break or hyphenate words at the end of lines.

Every page of the manuscript - including tables or diagrams - should be marked with the page number.


1. Quotations should be given within double inverted commas (“..”).

2. Quotations within quotations should be placed in single inverted commas (“...‘...’...”).

3. Quotations of more than four lines of normal typescript, or quotations of more than 60 words, should be indented (block quote) without quotation marks.

4. Titles of articles should be cited in single inverted commas (‘...’).

5. Titles of books should be italicised (underlined if italics not available).

6. Names of foreign organisations and political parties should generally be cited in the original language. If necessary, a translation can be given in brackets after the name.

7. When first mentioned names of persons should be given in full (e.g.
Niels Bohr not Bohr).

8. antisemitism (not anti-Semitism or anti-semitism)
nineteenth century not 19th century
towards not toward
1930s not 1930's

9. The various ‘Umlaute’ and ‘ß’ should be used where applicable. Authors should specify whether they are using ae, oe, ue instead of ä, ö, ü because they do not have ‘Umlaute’ in their word-processing packages or because they are quoting texts (e.g. from nineteenth century sources) which use antiquated spelling.

10. Dates (in both text and notes) should be given as day, month, year,
e.g. 31 March 1933.

11. Nationa Socialism (noun; no hyphen), not Nazi
National Socialist (adjective)
Socio-Democratic (adjective)
nineteenth century (noun)
nineteenth-century (adjective)

12. Avoid contractions such as won't, didn't.


sic., c., et al., passim, idem, ibid.; less frequent non-English words (e.g. German, Hebrew).


central/eastern Europe, rather than Central/Eastern Europe

Reform (Judaism): capitalised, as Reformers, Reformist.

Bible (capitalised), biblical (not); as with Halakhah (halakhic).


translated quote in the body of the essay with original in the footnote.


’ b g d h w z h t y k l m n s ‘ p s q r s š t. The spirant forms of b g d k p t should not be indicated in transliteration unless the matter affects the argument, in which case they may be underlined to indicate spirantization. Vowels: a (patah), a (qames), â (final qames he), e (segol), e (serê), ê (final and medial serê yod and medial segol yod), i (short hîreq defectively written), î (medial or final hîreq yod), o (qames hatûp), o (holem defectively written), ô (holem fully written), u (short qibbûs), u (long qibbûs defectively written), û (šûreq).

Vowels should be written with the appropriate vowel sign followed by he (or 'alep) or mater lectionis, e.g. Šelomoh, yigleh, qara’ (but qarâ), hinneh, sûsayw. Furtive patah is to be recorded as patah , e.g. rûah.

Reduced vowels are to be written with the breve: a, e, o. No distinction is made between simple šewâ and hatep segol. Accents are not usually indicated. If essential, use the acute for the primary and the grave for the secondary. A hyphen is used for maqqep.

If Greek, Hebrew, or other non-Latin alphabets are used, a covering note should specify which fonts/packages are used in the electronic copy submitted. As a Greek font 'Graeca' is preferred.


Notes should as far as possible be confined to references. They should be electronically numbered consecutively from the beginning to the end of the manuscript. Notes should not be presented as a separate file - essay and notes should form one single file.

Please note the use of punctuation in the following examples:

When citing books:

Give author's full names, the full title, volume number if applicable, place of publication, year and page number(s). Do not give details of the publisher. Use colon [:] between title and subtitle for English titles and full stop [.] for all other titles:

Werner E. Mosse, The German-Jewish Economic Élite 1820-1935: A Socio-cultural Profile, Oxford 1989, p. 96.

Moses Margoliouth, The History of the Jews in Great Britain, London 1851, vol. III, pp. 118-120.

In subsequent references, cite the author's surname, followed by the page numbers. If more than one work by the same author is cited, a shortened title should be used:

Mosse, German-Jewish Ecomonic Élite.

When citing articles and chapters:

Give full name(s) of author(s), the full title, and the title of the journal or book in which the article appears. If in a journal, add volume number and issue number (where applicable), date and page number(s):

Werner Levi, ‘Die ewige Mahnung’, in Jüdische Rundschau, vol. XXI, no. 15 (17 March 1928), p. 77.

Moritz Stern, ‘Jugendunterricht in der Berliner Gemeinde während des 18. Jahrhunderts’, in Jahrbuch der jüdischen-literarischen Gesellschaft, 19 (1928), pp. 39-68.

If in a book, include full name(s) of author(s) or editor(s) of the book, its full title, place of publication, year and page number(s):

John Brown, ‘Antisemitism’, in William Smith (ed.), Nazi Germany, vol. IV, London 1977, pp. 249-250.

In subsequent references cite the author's surname followed by the page numbers (if more than one work by the same author is cited, a shortened title should be added): Brown, p. 121.

Leo Baeck Institute Publications are listed as follows:

LBI Year Book: George L. Mosse, ‘German Socialists and the Jewish Question’, in LBI Year Book, vol. 16 (1971), pp. 123-151.

Bulletin: Erich Gottgetreu, ‘Arnold Schoenbergs nicht erfüllter Wunsch’, in Bulletin des Leo Baeck Instituts, 11, nos. 43-44 (1968), pp. 193-204.

Schriftenreihe: Avraham Barkai, Jüdische Minderheit und Industrialisierung, Tübingen 1988 (Schriftenreihe wissenschaftlicher Abhandlungen des Leo Baeck Instituts 46).

Veröffentlichung: Monika Richarz (ed.), Jüdisches Leben in Deutschland. Selbstzeugnisse zur Sozialgeschichte 1780-1871, Stuttgart 1976 (Veröffentlichung des Leo Baeck Instituts).


pp. 59f (no space)
(ed.), but (Ed.).
circa = c. (itals)
chap. 5
pt. 2
vol. VI
transl. by
ed. by
SS troops (no itals)
n.p. (no place/pagination)
n.d. (no date)
Centralverein deutscher Staatsbürger jüdischen Glaubens (C.V.)
Zionistische Vereinigung für Deutschland (ZVfD)
 % (per cent) to be written in full (unless in tables or similar)
Shortened forms, e.g. MP, GDR, NSDAP, have no full stops.


One no. before date: Tel Aviver Jahrbuch für deutsche Geschichte, 20 (1991), pp. 24-28

Vol. & no.: Zion, vol. V, no. 4 (1987), pp. 23-27.

Title, 2 vols., place date, vol. II, pp.
Title, 2nd edn., place date
Title, rev. edn., place date

En dash between cities in footnotes (Berlin–Vienna)
em dash to separate parts of sentence only.

Biblical citations: Genesis XXVIII:3 (no space)

In footnotes with a number of books quoted, place semi-colon between each one, even where there is "and".

Square brackets: for use when within quotes/brackets for additional material , to clarify sense etc.; also [sic].

ELLIPSES: ... ...". (punctuation following).

For other details of style and presentation, please refer to recent volumes of the Yearbook.


We may ask authors to supply us with illustrations.

Images are required as high-resolution .tif files (1200 d.p.i. for line drawings and 300 d.p.i. for colour and half-tone artwork). For useful information on preparing your figures for publication, go to Please note that publication of your manuscript will not proceed until figures suitable for reproduction are received.

Permission to reproduce figures and extracts

Permission to reproduce copyright material, for print and online publication in perpetuity, must be cleared and if necessary paid for by the author; this includes applications and payments to DACS, ARS and similar licensing agencies where appropriate. Evidence in writing that such permissions have been secured from the rights-holder must be made available to the editors. It is also the author's responsibility to include acknowledgements as stipulated by the particular institutions. Please note that obtaining copyright permission could take some time. Oxford Journals can offer information and documentation to assist authors in securing print and online permissions: please see the Guidelines for Authors section here. Should you require copies of this then please contact the editorial office of the journal in question or else the Oxford Journals Rights department on

Third-Party Content in Open Access papers
If you will be publishing your paper under an Open Access licence but it contains material for which you do not have Open Access re-use permissions, please state this clearly by supplying the following credit line alongside the material:

Title of content
Author, Original publication, year of original publication, by permission of [rights holder]

This image/content is not covered by the terms of the Creative Commons licence of this publication. For permission to reuse, please contact the rights holder.


The Leo Baeck Institute Year Book now enocurages authors to complete their licence agreement online. Details of this will be sent in the Welcome to Oxford Journals email.

By granting an exclusive licence to Oxford University Press the article will be permitted the widest possible dissemination while you retain the right to use material from it in other publications you write or edit.

Authors have the option to publish their paper under the Oxford Open initiative; whereby, for a charge, their paper will be made freely available online immediately upon publication. After your manuscript is accepted the corresponding author will be required to accept a mandatory licence to publish agreement. As part of the licensing process you will be asked to indicate whether or not you wish to pay for open access. If you do not select the open access option, your paper will be published with standard subscription-based access and you will not be charged.

Oxford Open articles are published under Creative Commons licences. Authors publishing in Leobaeck can use the following Creative Commons licences for their articles:
• Creative Commons Attribution licence (CC-BY)
• Creative Commons Non-Commercial licence (CC-BY-NC)
• Creative Commons non-Commercial No Derivatives licence (CC-BY-NC-ND)

Please click here for more information about the Creative Commons licences.

You can pay Open Access charges using our Author Services site. This will enable you to pay online with a credit/debit card, or request an invoice by email or post. The open access charges applicable are:

Regular charge - £1750/ $2800 / €2275
List B Developing country charge* - £875 / $1400 / €1135
List A Developing country charge* - £0 /$0 / €0
*Visit our Developing Countries page for a list of qualifying countries

Please note that these charges are in addition to any colour/page charges that may apply.

Orders from the UK will be subject to the current UK VAT charge. For orders from the rest of the European Union, OUP will assume that the service is provided for business purposes. Please provide a VAT number for yourself or your institution, and ensure you account for your own local VAT correctly.


Authors will receive proofs of their contributions for the purpose of correction of typographical errors only. In order to minimize delay, proofs not returned within two weeks of issue are presumed to have met with the author's approval. Original manuscripts will not be returned with proofs: authors should ensure that they retain a copy of their work to check against proofs.

Upon publication of their paper, all authors will receive a url to enable free online access to their paper. This can be distributed to friends and colleagues and posted on personal or institutional webpages. Authors will be sent one gratis copy of the issue in which their paper appears.

Authors can buy offprints or order extra copies of the issue in which their paper appears by using the Oxford Journals Author Services site. Orders from the UK will be subject to a 20% VAT charge. For orders from elsewhere in the EU you or your institution should account for VAT by way of a reverse charge. Please provide us with your or your institution’s VAT number.