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Instructions to Authors


Manuscripts must be submitted online through our ScholarOne Manuscripts System. For full ScholarOne Manuscripts Instructions click here. Once you have prepared your manuscript according to the instructions please visit the online submission website. We can consider only original, previously unpublished work.

Crossref Funding Data Registry

In order to meet your funding requirements authors are required to name their funding sources, or state if there are none, during the submission process. For further information on this process or to find out more about the CHORUS initiative please click here.

The Leo Baeck Institute Year Book conducts double-blinded peer reviews. When uploading your manuscript it should include no identifying author information. Please remove identifying information from the footnotes also. After a manuscript has been accepted it will be close edited by one of our copyeditors.


The word limit for articles is 7,000 words (including footnotes).


Manuscripts should have ample margins, with the font set at 12 point Times New Roman for readability. Every page of the manuscript - including tables or diagrams - should be marked with the page number.

The title of your essay should be followed by author's name, institution (if applicable) and place (if not apparent from name of institution) only.

Use footnotes rather than endnotes. Notes should as far as possible be confined to references.

Quotations of more than four lines of normal typescript, or quotations of more than 60 words, should be indented (block quote) without quotation marks.

Use double quotation marks for a quotation within a quotation only. Use single quotation marks for any other quoted matter, to indicate specialist use, or as a distancing device (only the first time the word or phrase is used). Punctuation remains outside the quotation marks, except when the quotation forms a complete sentence and is separated from the preceding passage by a punctuation mark.


With the exception of memoirs, essays should conform to British English spelling, punctuation and grammar conventions.

When quoting from sources in a foreign language authors are requested to supply the original text as well, unless the quotation is taken from a published English translation.

English translations of titles of works in other languages (not published translations) should be placed in single quotation marks in parentheses (within the text) or square brackets (in citations) in roman type with an initial capital on the first word.

Names of foreign organizations and political parties should generally be cited in the original language. If necessary, a translation can be given in brackets after the name.

When first mentioned, names of persons should be given in full (e.g. Niels Bohr not Bohr).

Dates (in both text and footnotes) should be given as day, month, year, e.g. 31 March 1933. Do not abbreviate months.

Avoid contractions such as won’t, didn’t.

pp. 59-60 for page 59 and the following page; p. 59ff for page 59 and following pages.

Use of the serial comma: a, b, and c (rather than a, b and c)

Per cent (although in tables % is acceptable). Numbers should be written out, e.g. twenty per cent, rather than 20%.


The various ‘Umlaute’ and ‘ß’ should be used where applicable. Authors should specify whether they are using ae, oe, ue instead of ä, ö, ü if they do not have ‘Umlaute’ in their word-processing packages or because they are quoting texts (e.g. from nineteenth century sources) which use antiquated spelling.

When British English allows both –ise and –ize, please use –ize. E.g. emphasize, but: analyse.

antisemitism (not anti-Semitism or anti-semitism)
nineteenth century (not 19th century)
German Jews; German-Jewish
towards (not toward)
First (Second) World War
National Socialism, National Socialist (noun, adjective, no hyphen), not Nazi


Do not italicize ibid, idem, et al, etc.

Non-English proper nouns are not italicized.

EMPHASIS IN MEANING: This should be avoided wherever possible, certainly in bold and also in italics, unless it appears in a quote. In case of the latter, a footnote should be added stating 'All emphasis in the original'.


central/eastern Europe, rather than Central/Eastern Europe

Reform (Judaism): capitalised, as Reformers, Reformist.

Bible (capitalised), biblical (not); as with Halakhah (halakhic).

Eds; (ed.), but (Ed.); ed. by, transl. by
circa = c. (itals)
chap. 5
pt. 2
vol. VI
n.p. (no place/pagination)
n.d. (no date)
Shortened forms, e.g. MP, GDR, NSDAP, have no full stops.


’ b g d h w z h t y k l m n s ‘ p s q r s š t. The spirant forms of b g d k p t should not be indicated in transliteration unless the matter affects the argument, in which case they may be underlined to indicate spirantization. Vowels: a (patah), a (qames), â (final qames he), e (segol), e (serê), ê (final and medial serê yod and medial segol yod), i (short hîreq defectively written), î (medial or final hîreq yod), o (qames hatûp), o (holem defectively written), ô (holem fully written), u (short qibbûs), u (long qibbûs defectively written), û (šûreq).

Vowels should be written with the appropriate vowel sign followed by he (or ’alep) or mater lectionis, e.g. Šelomoh, yigleh, qara’ (but qarâ), hinneh, sûsayw. Furtive patah is to be recorded as patah, e.g. rûah.

Reduced vowels are to be written with the breve: a, e, o. No distinction is made between simple šewâ and hatep segol. Accents are not usually indicated. If essential, use the acute for the primary and the grave for the secondary. A hyphen is used for maqqep.

If Greek, Hebrew, or other non-Latin alphabets are used, a covering note should specify which fonts/packages are used in the electronic copy submitted. As a Greek font 'Graeca' is preferred.


Citations from websites: add ‘accessed’ followed by date, e.g. ‘accessed 15 May 2013’.

When citing books:

Titles of books should be italicized (underlined if italics not available).

Give full name(s) of author(s), the full title, volume number if applicable, place of publication, year and page number(s). Do not give details of the publisher. Use colon [:] between title and subtitle for English titles and full stop [.] for all other titles:

Werner E. Mosse, The German-Jewish Economic Élite 1820-1935: A Socio-cultural Profile, Oxford 1989, p. 96.

Moses Margoliouth, The History of the Jews in Great Britain, London 1851, vol. III, pp. 118-120.

In subsequent references, cite the author's surname, followed by the page numbers. If more than one work by the same author is cited, a shortened title should be used:

Mosse, German-Jewish Economic Élite.

When citing articles and chapters:

Titles of articles should be cited in single inverted commas (‘...’).

Give full name(s) of author(s), the full title, and the title of the journal or book in which the article appears. If in a journal, add volume number and issue number (where applicable), date and page number(s):

Werner Levi, ‘Die ewige Mahnung’, in Jüdische Rundschau, vol. XXI, no. 15 (17 March 1928), p. 77.

Moritz Stern, ‘Jugendunterricht in der Berliner Gemeinde während des 18. Jahrhunderts’, in Jahrbuch der jüdischen-literarischen Gesellschaft, 19 (1928), pp. 39-68.

If in a book, include full name(s) of author(s) or editor(s) of the book, its full title, place of publication, year and page number(s):

John Brown, ‘Antisemitism’, in William Smith (ed.), Nazi Germany, vol. IV, London 1977, pp. 249-250.

In subsequent references cite the author's surname followed by the page numbers (if more than one work by the same author is cited, a shortened title should be added): Brown, p. 121.

Leo Baeck Institute Publications are cited as follows:

LBI Year Book: George L. Mosse, ‘German Socialists and the Jewish Question’, in LBI Year Book, vol. 16 (1971), pp. 123-151.

Bulletin: Erich Gottgetreu, ‘Arnold Schoenbergs nicht erfüllter Wunsch’, in Bulletin des Leo Baeck Instituts, 11, nos. 43-44 (1968), pp. 193-204.

Schriftenreihe: Avraham Barkai, Jüdische Minderheit und Industrialisierung, Tübingen 1988 (Schriftenreihe wissenschaftlicher Abhandlungen des Leo Baeck Instituts 46).

In giving volume numbers of journals use just the number rather than vol., for example: 1, no. 2 (1969), p. 55-66, as well as 1 (1970), pp. 55-66 (rather than: vol. 1, no. 2 (1969), pp. 55-56). Use the abbreviation vol. for volumes of books. Tel Aviver Jahrbuch für deutsche Geschichte, 20 (1991), pp. 24-28

Title, 2 vols., place date, vol. II, pp.
Title, 2nd edn., place date
Title, rev. edn., place date

En dash between cities in footnotes (Berlin–Vienna), and for page extents, e.g. pp 59-60.

Em dash to separate parts of sentence only. Where em dashes are used they should be closed, e.g. sample text—sample text.

Biblical citations: Genesis XXVIII:3 (no space)

In footnotes with a number of books quoted, place semi-colon between each one, even where there is ‘and’.

Square brackets: for use within quotes/brackets for additional material, to clarify sense etc.; also [sic]; and for ellipses (unless ‘…’ appears in the original).


We welcome illustrations. If possible, these should be included before the article is submitted, or alternatively during the revision process.

Images are required as high-resolution .tif files (1200 d.p.i. for line drawings and 300 d.p.i. for colour and half-tone artwork). For useful information on preparing your figures for publication, go to

Permission to reproduce figures and extracts

Permission to reproduce copyright material, for print and online publication in perpetuity, must be cleared and if necessary paid for by the author (please contact the editorial office if you need help paying fees); this includes applications and payments to DACS, ARS and similar licensing agencies where appropriate. Evidence in writing that such permissions have been secured from the rights-holder must be made available to the editors. It is also the author's responsibility to include acknowledgements as stipulated by the particular institutions (e.g. for free illustrations ‘Courtesy of.....’; if payment is required ‘By permission of.....’).

Please note that obtaining copyright permission could take some time. Oxford Journals can offer information and documentation to assist authors in securing print and online permissions: please see the Guidelines for Authors section here, or email


The Leo Baeck Institute Year Book now encourages authors to complete their licence agreement online. Details of this will be sent in the Welcome to Oxford Journals email.

By granting an exclusive licence to Oxford University Press the article will be permitted the widest possible dissemination while you retain the right to use material from it in other publications you write or edit.


Authors will receive proofs of their contributions for the purpose of correction of typographical errors only. In order to minimize delay, proofs not returned within two weeks of issue are presumed to have met with the author's approval. Original manuscripts will not be returned with proofs: authors should ensure that they retain a copy of their work to check against proofs.

Authors wishing to purchase offprints of their paper should visit the Oxford Journals Author Services site. Orders from the UK will be subject to a 20% VAT charge. For orders from elsewhere in the EU you or your institution should account for VAT by way of a reverse charge. Please provide us with your or your institution’s VAT number.