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Information for Authors

New for 2010 – Please note that the journal now encourages authors to complete their copyright licence to publish form online.

Most of the notes and articles published in this journal are short, and summaries are not required. The title of each article should be brief, yet as factually informative of the contents of the contribution as possible.

Notes, queries, and replies for publication, and books for review, should be sent to

Alicia Black
Editorial Assistant - Notes & Queries

Notes and Queries
Wolfson College
Linton Road
Oxford, OX2 6UD

The Editors cannot undertake to return communications, including contributions, which for any reason they do not print.

Books for review are accepted on the understanding that they will be listed, but that a review cannot be guaranteed. Books not reviewed are not returnable.


The Editors will be grateful if the following conventions are observed in all Notes, Queries, Replies, and Reviews offered for publication:


Where possible editors would be pleased to receive disks or e-mail attachments with the material, preferably in Word .doc format. Please send any email submissions to

Use A4 paper and type on one side only, double-spaced and with wide left-hand margin. Put your name and full postal address for correspondence at the top of the first page. End your contribution with your name in capitals at the bottom right-hand corner and the name of your institution or city in capitals and lower case at the bottom left-hand corner. E.g.:


New Town University

Titles: Most of the notes and articles published in this journal are short, and summaries are not required. The title of each note or article should be brief, yet as factually informative of the contents of the contribution, as possible.

Footnotes: These should be numbered consecutively.

Language Editing
If your first language is not English, you may wish to have your paper professionally edited. This will ensure that the academic content of your paper is fully understood by journal editors and reviewers. Language editing is optional and does not guarantee that your manuscript will be accepted for publication. For further information on this service, please click here. Several specialist language editing companies offer similar services and you can also use any of these. Authors are liable for all costs associated with such services.


(i) Notes: Centre title (in bold capitals), e.g.:


(ii) Queries and Replies: Start first line with subject in capitals, followed by a full stop and a dash. E.g.:

RUSKIN. Information...

(iii) Reviews: First name(s) or initials of author (large and small capitals); surname (large and small capitals); ed. etc. (as required), in parentheses; comma; title (capitals and lower case, underlined for italic); comma; trans. or ed. etc. with names of editors etc. (as required; large and small capitals); full stop; Pp. followed by number of preliminary pages (small roman numerals) + number of text pages (arabic numerals); series, in parentheses; full stop; place(s) of publication; colon; name(s) of publisher(s); comma; year of publication; full stop; hardbound price; ISBN in parentheses; semicolon; paperbound price; ISBN in parentheses; full stop.E.g.:

ERIC HOMBERGER, Art of the Real: Poetry in England and America since 1939. Pp. x+246. London and Toronto: J. M. Dent; Totowa, NJ: Rowman and Little, 1977. Hardbound £5.95 (ISBN); paperbound £2.95 (ISBN).

DANIEL DEFOE, Robinson Crusoe, 2nd edn, ed. M. SHINAGEL. Pp. viii+436 (Norton Critical Editions). New York and London: W. W. Norton, 1994. £25.00 (ISBN).

N. KAYE (ed.), Postmodernism and Performance. Pp. vii+180 (New Directions in Theatre). Basingstoke and London: Macmillan, 1994. Paperbound £11.99 (ISBN).


(i) Books (for precise reference - e.g. in footnotes - which should be as brief as possible): First name (or initials) and surnames of author; comma; title (underline for italic); comma; editor, translator, etc.; place, comma, and year of publication (all in parentheses); comma; volume number (in large roman numerals); comma; number of page(s) (in arabic numerals) on which reference occurs; full stop. E.g.:

J. W. Mackail, Life of William Morris (London, 1899), I, 52.

(ii) Journals: First name (or initials) and surname of author; comma; title of article (in single quotation marks); comma; title of journal (abbreviated and underlined for italic); comma; volume number (in small roman numerals); year of publication (in parentheses); comma; page number(s); full stop. E.g.:

J. L. Rosier, ?=`Icge gold and Incge Lafe in Beowulf', PMLA, lxxxi (1966), 344-5.

Abbreviated journal titles: ELH (English Literary History), JEGP (Journal of English and German Philology), MAE (Medium AEvum), MLN (Modern Language Notes), MP (Modern Philology), N&Q (Notes and Queries), PMLA (Publications of the Modern Language Association of America), PQ (Philological Quarterly), RES (Review of English Studies), SP (Studies in Philology), TLS (Times Literary Supplement).

(iii) Plays: Title (underlined for italic); comma; act (in capital roman numerals); full stop; scene (small roman numerals); full stop; line (arabic numerals); full stop. E.g.:

Timon of Athens, I. i. 234-8.

(iv) Bible: Book (abbreviated in footnotes only); chapter (arabic numerals); colon; verse (arabic numerals); full stop. E.g.:

Genesis 14:20-1

(v) Other works (in text): Title of books should be underlined, e.g.: Lamb's Essays of Elia; Bridges's The Testament of Beauty. The title of a constituent section, essay, or poem (or first line of a poem used as the title of the poem), should be in single quotation marks, e.g.: Lamb's `Old China'; Bridges's `London Snow'; Bridges's `There is a hill'.


If these form part of the text and do not exceed about three lines they should run on in the text within single quotation marks. Any reference given should follow immediately in parentheses. E.g.:

Camiola, in answer to Bertoldo's appeal, `Is there no hope left me?' gives him this cold comfort:...

Crashaw's line `Amorous Languishments, Luminous trances' (`On a prayer booke', line 63), is only a slight variation ...

For simple quotation, single quotation marks are used; for quotation within a quotation, double quotation marks. E.g.:
Who now remembers `And laugh'd and shouted, ``Lost! lost! lost!'''

When a quotation has no final punctuation mark of its own, the closing quotation mark should precede the punctuation mark of clause or sentence. E.g.:

Years ago Mr Disraeli called Sir Robert Peel's Ministry `an organized hypocrisy', so much did the ideas of its `head' differ from the sensations of its `tail'.

A word or phrase discussed individually should be underlined, and any interpretation of it put in single quotation marks. E.g.:

For Cain 1261 (misread as cam) he writes camp `battle'.

Longer quotations, whether verse or prose, should be broken off from the text and marked as verse extract or prose extract. Quotation marks should not be used. For a quotation within a long quotation use single quotation marks. Editorial insertions should be within square brackets.


In references to pagination, dates, etc. use the least number of figures possible separated by an en-rule; e.g., print 42-3, 132-6, 1841-5, 1960-1, 1966/7; but print, e.g., 10-11, not 10-1; 16-18, not 16-8; 116-18, not 116-8; 210-11, not 210-1 (i.e. for the group 10-19 in each hundred).

For dates, write 1897-8, not 1897-98; do not contract dates involving different centuries, e.g. 1798-1810, not 1798-810. In displayed matter (e.g. titles) all dates should be in full: 1960-1961. Exact dates should take this form: 16 May 1913 (without comma). Let AD precede the year, but let BC follow (small caps, no full stops).


Contributors are recommended to refer to The Oxford Guide to Style, Oxford, 2nd edn (2002) and to The Oxford Dictionary for Writers and Editors (2000) for details of house style and spelling and for marks used in the correction of proofs.


Upon receipt of accepted manuscripts at Oxford Journals authors will be invited to complete an online copyright licence to publish form.

Please note that by submitting an article for publication you confirm that you are the corresponding/submitting author and that Oxford University Press ("OUP") may retain your email address for the purpose of communicating with you about the article. You agree to notify OUP immediately if your details change. If your article is accepted for publication OUP will contact you using the email address you have used in the registration process. Please note that OUP does not retain copies of rejected articles.


It is a condition of publication in the Journal that authors grant an exclusive licence to Oxford University Press. This ensures that request from third parties to reproduce articles are handled efficiently and consistently and will also allow the article to be as widely disseminated as possible. In assigning copyright, authors may use their own material in other publications provided that the Journal is acknowledged as the original place of publication, and Oxford University Press is notified in writing and in advance. If you have any permissions enquires you should contact the OUP Permissions department.

N.B. Authors are responsible for obtaining permission from the relevant authorities for the reproduction of any illustration or an extract, for both print and online formats. Authors are responsible for any reproduction costs or permission fees incurred. Authors must ensure that all permission enquiries and copyright forms are completed before sending a manuscript to the Journal.

The following is provided as a guide. If there is any doubt please contact the editors for advice. For a copyright prose work, it is recommended that permission is obtained for the use of extracts of longer than 400 words; for a series of extracts totalling more than 800 words, of which any one extract is more than 300 words, or an extract or series of extracts comprising one-quarter of the work or more.

For more information about securing third-party permissions, go to


Proofs in page form will be sent to contributors for correction and their prompt return will be appreciated. Additional material requring new make-up cannot be accepted after the initial contribution has been acknowledged; and alterations in proof other than the correction of printer's errors may be disallowed. The cost of any excessive alteration will be chargeable to the contributor.


On publication of an article, the corresponding author will receive a unique URL that gives access to both PDF and HTML versions of the paper. The URL links visitors to the Notes & Queries site and the complete version of the paper online with all functionality retained, accessible regardless of subscription status. Offprints may be purchased if required.


For information about this journal's policy, please visit our Author Self-Archiving policy page.


Notes and Queries authors have the option to publish their paper under the Oxford Open initiative; whereby, for a charge, their paper will be made freely available online immediately upon publication. After your manuscript is accepted the corresponding author will be required to accept a mandatory licence to publish agreement. As part of the licensing process you will be asked to indicate whether or not you wish to pay for open access. If you do not select the open access option, your paper will be published with standard subscription-based access and you will not be charged.

Oxford Open articles are published under Creative Commons licences. Authors publishing in Notes and Queries can use the following Creative Commons licences for their articles:
• Creative Commons Attribution licence (CC BY)
• Creative Commons Non-Commercial licence (CC BY-NC)
• Creative Commons non-Commercial No Derivatives licence (CC BY-NC-ND)
Please click here for more information about the Creative Commons licences.

You can pay Open Access charges using our Author Services site. This will enable you to pay online with a credit/debit card, or request an invoice by email or post. The open access charges applicable are:

Regular charge - £1000 / $1600 / €1300
List B Developing country charge* - £500 / $800 / €650
List A Developing country charge* - £0 / $0 / €0
*Visit our Developing Countries page for a list of qualifying countries.

Please note that these charges are in addition to any colour/page charges that may apply.

Orders from the UK will be subject to the current UK VAT charge. For orders from the rest of the European Union, OUP will assume that the service is provided for business purposes. Please provide a VAT number for yourself or your institution, and ensure you account for your own local VAT correctly.


In order to meet your funding requirements authors are required to name their funding sources in the manuscript. For further information on this process or to find out more about the CHORUS initiative please click here.