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Manuscript Instructions


Please read these instructions carefully and follow them closely to ensure that the review and publication of your paper is as efficient and quick as possible. The editorial team reserves the right to return manuscripts that are not in accordance with these instructions.

All material to be considered for publication in OFID should be submitted in electronic form via the journal's online submission system at Once you have prepared your manuscript according to the instructions below, instructions on how to submit your manuscript online can be found by clicking here.

Supporting Documents
All submitted manuscripts should include the following supporting documents:

Cover Letter
The cover letter must include the completed contact information (addresses, telephone and fax numbers, and e-mail) for both the corresponding author and an alternate author who can be contacted if the corresponding author is unavailable. The letter should warrant that all authors have seen and approved the manuscript, contributed significantly to the work, and also that the manuscript has not been previously published and is not being considered for publication elsewhere. Authors are asked to provide names and contact information for 4 potential unbiased reviewers. They may also note the names of individuals whom they do not want to review their manuscript.

Related Manuscripts
A copy should be included of any closely related manuscript submitted to or published in OFID or elsewhere.

In order to reproduce any third party material, including tables, figures, or images, in an article authors must obtain permission from the copyright holder and be compliant with any requirements the copyright holder may have pertaining to this reuse. When seeking to reproduce any kind of third party material authors should request the following:
• non-exclusive rights to reproduce the material in the specified article and journal;
• electronic rights, preferably for use in any form or medium;
• the right to use the material for the life of the work; and
• world-wide English-language rights.
Further guidelines on clearing permissions can be found at

Authors should also include a statement indicating that permission has been obtained in the relevant legend/footnote and provide the editorial team with copies of any relevant paperwork. A template permissions request letter can be found at the end of the above document.


The editorial team can be contacted as follows:
Wendy Moore, Managing Editor


Papers may be submitted in the following categories. The editors reserve the right to change the category for consistency with OFID style.

Major Articles
Report clinically relevant investigations or observations within the journal’s scope of interests. Format guide:
• Word limit: 3500 words (excluding the abstract and references)
• Key points should be summarized on the title page in 40-words or fewer
• References: 40 or fewer
• Abstract: Up to 250 words, structured using the headings Background, Methods, Results, and Conclusions
• Tables/figures/images: 5 or fewer; data in the text should not be repeated extensively in captions/footnotes

Review Articles

Review topics should be related to clinical aspects of infectious diseases and should reflect trends and progress or a synthesis of data. Format guide:
• Word limit: 3500 words (excluding the abstract and references)
• Key points should be summarized on the title page in 40-words or fewer
• References: 40 or fewer
• Abstract: Up to 150 words, unstructured
• Tables/figures/images: 5 or fewer; data in the text should not be repeated extensively in captions/footnotes

Brief Reports
Convey a focused message. Format guide:
• Word limit: 1500 words (excluding the abstract and references)
• References: 15 or fewer
• Abstract: Up to 50 words, unstructured format
• Tables/figures/images: 1

Viewpoints on areas of interest or controversy in the field. Format guide:
• Word limit: 1200 words (excluding the abstract and references)
• References: 5 or fewer
• Abstract: Up to 150 words, unstructured
• Tables/figures/images: 1

Editorial Commentaries
Editorials relate to articles published in OFID and are invited at the discretion of the Editor. Although most editorials are commissioned, OFID will consider unsolicited editorial commentaries. Please write a brief summary of your proposed editorial and email it to the editorial office. Format guide:
• Word limit: 1200 words
• References: 10 or fewer
• Tables/figures/images: 1

Top Questions in ID
Experts answer questions, providing a concise summary of an emerging topic. Format guide:
• Word limit: 1500 words
• Tables/figures: up to 1 figure and 2 tables

ID Cases
Illustrative case reports or case series, with an appropriate and targeted literature review. Format guide:
• Word limit: 750 words for a single case report, 1500 words for a case series
• References: 15 or fewer
• Tables/figures/images: up to 1 table, 1 figure, and 2 images

ID on the Web
Reviews of top Internet resources and sites for ID specialists. Format guide:
• Word limit: 750 words

ID Learning Units for Non-ID Specialists
Targeted, practical summaries of ID topics for non-ID specialists. Format guide:
• Word limit: 1500 words
• References: 15 or fewer
• Tables/figures/images: up to 1 table, 1 figure, and 1 image


File Formats
The preferred format for submitting manuscripts online is Microsoft Word (.doc files). PDF files are not acceptable for submission.

File Contents
Manuscript .doc submissions are preferred as a single file, except for figures, which can be uploaded separately. You must also submit a cover letter in a second file, in the same format as your main file. Videos must be submitted in the MPEG or Quicktime format. For each video, please submit a still image captured from the MPEG or Quicktime file; this image will appear as a printable figure with the article. A video must have a legend that will appear with the still image. If you wish to submit a video, please consult for further details.

Manuscript Preparation

Manuscripts should be double-spaced throughout, including the references and the table and figure legends, with 1-inch margins on each side. All pages, except for the figures, should be numbered in the lower right-hand corner of the page, with the title page as page 1. The recommended layout is as follows: title page, abstract, text, acknowledgments, references, tables, figure legends, and figures.

Title Page

All manuscripts, including Correspondence, should have a title page that includes the following information:
A concise, informative title
• The names and affiliations of all authors; the first name, initial(s), and surname of each author should be followed by his or her department, institution, city, and country
• Up to 5 keywords
• A running title of no more than 40 characters and spaces
• The complete contact information for both the corresponding and alternate corresponding authors
• Major Articles, Review Articles, and Perspectives should also include a 40-word summary of the article’s main point

It is editorial policy to list only one author for correspondence. We do not accept co-first authors, nor co-corresponding authors. However, it is acceptable to state that “author X, author Y, etc. contributed equally to this manuscript.”

Any changes of address may be given next to the Affiliations or in the Acknowledgments. Any deletions or additions to the author list after submission of the paper must be submitted in writing, and signed by all authors.


The second page of the manuscript should contain the abstract, per the specifications of the Article Types section above. The abstract should be comprehensible to readers before they have read the paper and should not contain reference citations.


Non-standard abbreviations should be kept to a minimum. They should be defined at the first occurrence and introduced only where multiple use is made.

Text and References

Authors are encouraged to follow the Uniform Requirements for Manuscripts Submitted to Biomedical Journals. They should strive for a concise article without excessive detail (word limits are in the Article Types section above.) All but the shortest articles should have subheadings. OFID follows AMA Manual of Style: A Guide for Authors and Editors (.10th ed., Oxford University Press, 2007). Accuracy of references is the responsibility of the authors.


Details of all funding sources for the work in question should be given in a separate section entitled “Funding.” This should appear before the “Acknowledgment” section. The following rules should be followed:
• The sentence should begin: “This work was supported by …”
• The full official funding agency name should be given, i.e. “the National Cancer Institute at the National Institutes of Health” or simply “National Institutes of Health” not “NCI” (one of the 27 subinstitutions) or “NCI at NIH.”
• Grant numbers should be complete and accurate and provided in brackets as follows: “[grant number ABX CDXXXXXX]”
• Multiple grant numbers should be separated by a comma as follows: “[grant numbers ABX CDXXXXXX, EFX GHXXXXXX]”
• Agencies should be separated by a semi-colon (plus “and” before the last funding agency)
• Where individuals need to be specified for certain sources of funding the following text should be added after the relevant agency or grant number “to [author initials].”
An example is given here: “This work was supported by the National Institutes of Health [P50 CA098252 and CA118790 to R.B.S.R.] and the Alcohol & Education Research Council [HFY GR667789].”

Conflict of Interest

Further guidance on Conflict of Interests is available in the Journals Policies section.


Personal acknowledgment should precede those of institutions of agencies. Any substantial assistance in preparing the manuscript—for example, in data retrieval or statistical analysis—other than by an author should be stated.

Please note that acknowledgment of funding bodies and declarations regarding conflicts of interest should be given in separate Funding and Conflicts of Interest sections, respectively.

Tables, figures, and images

All tables, figures, and images should be on separate, numbered manuscript page and accompanied by a title, and footnotes where necessary. The tables, figures, and images should be numbered consecutively using Arabic numerals.

For information regarding figures, please click here.

Save figure files in TIFF or EPS format, using CMYK colors, with fonts embedded. When creating tables, figures, and images, please make sure any embedded text is large enough to read; miniscule characters such as numbers on a chart or graph will most likely be illegible in the final version. For useful information on preparing your figures for publication, go to


Authors are referred to the AMA Manual of Style: A Guide for Authors and Editors (10th ed., Oxford University Press, 2007). For commercially obtained products mentioned in the text, the full names of manufacturers should be listed. Generic names of drugs and other chemical compounds should be used.


Supplementary data is supporting material that is not essential for inclusion in the full text of the manuscript but would nevertheless benefit the reader. The material should not be essential to understanding the conclusions of the paper but should contain data that is additional or complementary and directly relevant to the article content. Such information might include more detailed methods, extended data sets/data analysis, or addition figures or tables.

It is standard practice for appendices to be made available online-only as supplementary material. All text and figures must be provided in suitable electronic formats. All material to be considered as supplementary material must be submitted at the same time as the main manuscript for peer review. It cannot be altered or replaced after the paper has been accepted for publication, and will not be edited. Files for supplementary data should be clearly marked as such and be accompanied by a summary of the file names and types. Also ensure that the supplementary material is referred to in the main manuscript where necessary, for example as "(see Supplementary Material)" or "(see Supplementary Figure 1)."

Please note that supplementary data will not be copyedited, so ensure that it is clearly and succinctly presented, and that the style of terms conforms with the rest of the paper. It cannot be altered or replaced after the paper has been accepted for publication.


Authors are sent page proofs by email. To avoid delays in publication, proofs should be checked immediately and corrections, as well as answers to any queries, returned to the publishers as an annotated PDF via email or fax within 2 working days. Further details are supplied with the proof. It is the author’s responsibility to check proofs thoroughly.