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Manuscript Preparation Instructions

New for 2010 – Please note that the journal now encourages authors to complete their copyright license to publish agreements online.

How to contact the Editorial Office
Language editing pre-submission
Manuscript format and structure
JEL codes
Journal copyediting style
Figures and illustrations
Permission to reproduce figures and extracts
Supplementary data
Copyright and license
Advance Access


Please read these instructions carefully and follow them closely to ensure that the review and publication of your article is as efficient and quick as possible. The Editors reserve the right to return manuscripts that are not in accordance with these instructions.

All material to be considered for publication in The Quarterly Journal of Economics should be submitted in electronic form via the journal's online submission system. On receipt of the paper, a confirmation email will be sent automatically. The submission is not complete if the confirmation email has not been received.

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The Editorial Office can be contacted by e-mail.

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Particularly if English is not your first language, before submitting your manuscript you may wish to have it edited for language. This is not a mandatory step, but it may help to ensure that the academic content of your paper is fully understood by journal editors and reviewers. Language editing does not guarantee that your manuscript will be accepted for publication. If you would like information about one such service, please click here. There are other specialist language editing companies that offer similar services, and you can also use any of these. Authors are liable for all costs associated with such services.

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Please prepare your typescript text using a word-processing package (save in .doc or .rtf format) or TeX. Typescripts should be double-spaced. Please number each page. Then save the entire manuscript, including tables and figures, as a .pdf for online submission. If your article is accepted, you will be asked to provide the original TeX or word-processing and figure files.

TeX: When creating the .pdf file from standard word processing packages, it is important to select the option "embed all fonts" (or equivalent) to ensure that mathematical symbols appear correctly. Failure to do so may result in an unreadable submission. Instructions for generating correct pdf files can be found at

Please see our LaTeX submissions FAQ page for more detailed instructions for LaTeX submissions.

Authors should upload a single .pdf file containing the complete manuscript (i.e. title page, abstract, text, figures and tables), as this makes the reviewing process easier for Editors and referees. This applies to the original version of the manuscript and any revised versions. Due to figure file size constraints, you may have to submit separate files for figures. The location of tables and figures should be indicated in the text.

Please also include any supplementary material to be submitted with your manuscript as separate .pdf files. It is recommended that authors spell-check all files before submission.

Please use short, simple file names when saving all your documents, and avoid special characters, punctuation marks, symbols (such as &), and spaces. If you are a Macintosh user, you must also type the extension at the end of the file name you choose (.doc, .rtf, .jpg, .gif, .tif, .xls, .pdf, .eps, .ppt, .mov or .qt).

Other helpful hints are: (i) use the TAB key once for paragraph indents; (ii) where possible use Times New Roman for the text font and Symbol for any Greek and special characters; (iii) use the word processing formatting features to indicate Bold, Italic, Greek, math, superscript and subscript characters; (iv) please avoid using underline: for cases use italic; for emphasis use bold; (v) clearly identify unusual symbols and Greek letters; (vi) differentiate between the letter O and zero, and the letters I and l and the number 1. For fractions use case fractions, not slashes.

The order of the manuscript should be as follows: Title page (Abstract and acknowledgment footnote should be on this page), Text of paper, Author affiliations (directly following the last line of text), Appendix (if there is one), References, Notes (footnotes rather than endnotes can be used), Tables, and Figures. The first page of the manuscript must give the title of the article, contributor names, and the full address (including email) of the author designated to receive proofs/correspondence, and total word count. An abstract of no more than 250 words should be included with all submissions. The name of the author(s) should appear at the beginning immediately under the title.

Headings should be to journal style.

Footnotes should be numbered consecutively and kept brief as possible.

Authors are responsible for checking the accuracy of all footnotes and references.

Tables should be typed with double spacing, but minimizing redundant space, and each should be placed on a separate page. Each table should be numbered in sequence using roman numerals. Tables should also have a title above and, if required, an explanatory footnote below.

Title page

The title should be short, specific, and informative; type the title in all capital letters. One or two authors' names should be centered side by side; three or more names should appear on separate lines, centered. The full mailing address, fax, telephone number, and e-mail address of the corresponding author should also be provided. It is editorial policy to list only one author for correspondence. Any changes of address may be given in the Acknowledgments. Any deletions or additions to the author list after acceptance of the paper must be submitted in writing, signed by all authors, to the appropriate editorial office.


The title page of the manuscript should contain the abstract, which must not exceed 250 words. The abstract should be comprehensible to readers before they have read the article, and reference citations must be avoided. It is essential that the abstract clearly states the importance of the work described in the article.

JEL codes

Authors should include at least 1 JEL code with manuscript during submission. (Authors may provide several, depending on the number of subject area the article encompasses.) JEL codes should be included at the end of the abstract. They also should be provided as a combination of one letter and two numbers (e.g., Q04). If you have any question regarding JEL codes, please visit the following Web site:


Nonstandard abbreviations should be defined at the first occurrence and introduced only where multiple use is made. Authors should not use abbreviations in headings.


Details of all funding sources for the work in question should be given in the first footnote in the article, denoted by an asterisk at the end of the article title.


Acknowledgments and details of financial and nonfinancial support should be included in the first footnote in the article, denoted by an asterisk at the end of the article title.


If you use EndNote or Reference Manager to facilitate referencing citations (not required for submission), this journal's style is available for use.

Full references should be provided in accordance with the style of The Quarterly Journal of Economics.

Use the author-date citation system with callouts in the text in parentheses. Where callouts occur within parenthetical text, use brackets. For example: “The effect is minimal. (The main exception is Ritter and Warr's [2002] study. . . . ).” Multiple citations should be given in chronological order, separated by a semicolon. Use et al. for references with 4 or more authors.

  • Morwitz, Vicki, Eric A. Greenleaf, and Eric J. Johnson, "Divide and Prosper: Consumers' Reactions to Partitioned Prices," Journal of Marketing Research, 35 (1998), 453–463.
  • ——, “Politically Connected Firms,” American Economic Review, forthcoming, 2005.
  • Kroszner, Randall S., and Philip E. Strahan, What Drives Deregulation, 4th ed. (New York, NY: Checkmark Books, Facts on File Inc.).
  • Kroszner, Randall S., and Philip E. Strahan, ed., What Drives Deregulation, 4th ed. (New York, NY: Checkmark Books, Facts on File, Inc.).
  • Kroszner, Randall S., and Philip E. Strahan, “Obstacles to Optical Policy: The Interplay of Economics and Politics in Shaping Banking Reforms,” in Prudential Supervision: What Works and What Doesn’t, Frederic S. Mishkin, ed. (Cambridge, MA: National Bureau of Economic Research, 2001).
  • Kroszner, Randall S., and Philip E. Strahan, “What Drives Deregulation?,” NBER Working Paper No. w5868, 1996.
  • Factiva (, Dow Jones and Reuters).
    Note: Set newspaper/magazine names in italic.


Place tables at the end of the paper on separate pages. Heading (i.e., Table I) should be centered and use roman numerals. The title of the table should be centered in initial capitals and lowercase letters. Tables should be accompanied by footnotes where necessary. The tables should be numbered consecutively using roman numerals. Units in which results are expressed should be given in parentheses at the top of each column and not repeated in each line of the table. Ditto signs are not used. Avoid overcrowding the tables and the excessive use of words. The format of tables should be in keeping with that normally used by the journal; in particular, vertical lines, colored text and shading should not be used. Please be certain that the data given in tables are correct.

Tables in appendices are to be numbered independently of those in the text: Table A.1, Table A.2, etc.

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This journal roughly follows Chicago style, with some exceptions. An online style guide for items not covered by QJE-specific style is available at

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Please be aware that the requirements for online submission and for reproduction in the journal are different: (i) for online submission and peer review, please upload your figures as part of the single .pdf file; (ii) for reproduction in the journal, you will be required after acceptance to supply high-resolution .tif files. Minimum resolutions are 300 d.p.i. for color or tone images and 600 d.p.i. for line drawings. We advise that you create your high-resolution images first as these can be easily converted into .pdf files for online submission.

Figures will not be relettered by the publisher. The journal reserves the right to reduce the size of illustrative material. Wherever possible, photographs should fit within the print area or within a column width. When creating figures, please make sure any embedded text is large enough to read. Many figures contain minuscule characters such as numbers on a chart or graph. If these characters are not easily readable, they will most likely be illegible in the final version. Certain image formats such as .jpg and .gif do not have high resolutions, so you may elect to save your figures and insert them as .tif files instead.

Place figures at the end of the paper on separate pages. The figure number (i.e., Figure I) should be centered and should use roman numerals. Titles of figures should use capitals and lowercase letters and be centered below the figure number. Captions (if any) should be in sentence form, treated as normal text. Note that figure titles and captions will be typeset, and should not, therefore, be part of the figure.

For useful information on preparing your figures for publication, go to

Color Illustrations

The Quarterly Journal of Economics offers free reproduction of color figures in the online version (figures in the print version will appear in black and white). Figure captions must be suitably worded to apply to both the print and online versions of the article.

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Permission to reproduce copyrighted material, for print and online publication in perpetuity, must be cleared and if necessary paid for by the author; this includes applications and payments to DACS, ARS, and similar licensing agencies where appropriate. Evidence in writing that such permissions have been secured from the rights holder must be made available to the editors. It is also the author's responsibility to include acknowledgments as stipulated by the particular institutions. Please note that obtaining copyright permission could take some time. OUP can offer information and documentation to assist authors in securing print and online permissions: please see the Guidelines for Authors section at Should you require copies of this, please contact the editorial office of the journal in question or the OUP rights department at

For a copyrighted prose work, it is recommended that permission is obtained for the use of extracts longer than 400 words; a series of extracts totaling more than 800 words, of which any one extract is more than 300 words; or an extract or series of extracts comprising one-quarter of the work or more. For poetry: an extract of more than 40 lines; series of extracts totaling more than 40 lines; an extract comprising one-quarter or more of a complete poem.

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Supporting material that is not essential for inclusion in the full text of the manuscript but would nevertheless benefit the reader can be made available by the publisher as online-only content linked to the online manuscript. The material should not be essential to understanding the conclusions of the article, but should contain data that is additional or complementary and directly relevant to the article content. Such information might include more detailed methods, extended data sets/data analysis, or additional figures.

It is standard practice for appendices to be made available online-only as supplementary data. All text and figures must be provided in suitable electronic formats. All material to be considered as supplementary data must be submitted at the same time as the main manuscript for peer review. It cannot be altered or replaced after the article has been accepted for publication, and it will not be edited. Please indicate clearly all material intended as supplementary data upon submission and name the files, for example, "Supplementary Figure 1," "Supplementary Data," etc. Also ensure that the supplementary data is referred to in the main manuscript where necessary, for example, as "(see Supplementary data)" or "(see Supplementary Figure 1)."

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Upon receipt of accepted manuscripts at Oxford Journals, authors will be invited to complete an online copyright licence to publish form.

Please note that by submitting an this article for publication you confirm that you are the corresponding/submitting author and that Oxford University Press ("OUP") may retain your email address for the purpose of communicating with you about the article. You agree to notify OUP immediately if your details change. If your article is accepted for publication OUP will contact you using the email address you have used in the registration process. Please note that OUP does not retain copies of rejected articles.

It is a condition of publication that authors grant an exclusive license to Oxford University Press on behalf of the President and Fellows of Harvard College. This ensures that all of the necessary rights needed for publication of the article are in place, including provision for any requests from third parties to reproduce content from the journals are handled efficiently and consistently by OUP enabling the content to be as widely disseminated as possible. No article will be published unless the license agreement has been received at OUP. Approving the license online or faxing a copy of the form when requested will assist in the rapid publication of your article. Any queries about copyright licensing should be sent as soon as possible to Rights and Permissions so that any issues can be resolved quickly to avoid any delay in publication.

As part of the terms of the license agreement, Authors may use their own material in other publications written or edited by themselves provided that the journal is acknowledged as the original place of publication and Oxford University Press as the publisher. As the Author(s), copyright of the Article remains yours (or your employer’s if your employer claims copyright in your work). See here for full details of Oxford Journals' copyright policy and the rights retained by you/your institution under the terms of the license. Please note that for any content published as part of the Oxford Open program, there is an extended range of rights retained by you as the Author. For more details, please go to:

On acceptance of your article for publication, the license form should be returned immediately by fax or by sending a scanned PDF copy, and the original must be posted by airmail/first class within 24 hours. If we have not received the form by the time the manuscript arrives, your manuscript may be delayed.

Work submitted for publication must be original, previously unpublished, and not under consideration for publication elsewhere. If previously published figures, tables, or parts of text are to be included, the copyright-holder’s permission must have been obtained prior to submission. For more information on how to obtain permissions, please consult Rights and Permissions.

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Authors are sent page proofs by email. These should be checked immediately; corrections as well as answers to any queries should be returned to the publishers as an annotated PDF via e-mail or fax within 48 working hours (further details are supplied with the proof). It is the author's responsibility to check proofs thoroughly.

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Authors will receive electronic access to their paper free of charge. Printed offprints may be purchased in multiples of 100. Rates are indicated on the order form which must be returned with the proofs.

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Advance Access allows for papers to be published online soon after they have been accepted for publication, reducing the time between submission and publication. Appearance in Advance Access constitutes official publication, and the Advance Access version can be cited by a unique DOI (Digital Object Identifier).

As soon as any QJE paper comes into OUP Production and the License to Publish form has been received, it is posted online in its uncorrected form with the tag “Accepted Manuscript”. Each manuscript is then copy edited and typeset, and authors have an opportunity to review the proof. Afterward, the final proof is posted on the Advance Access page with the tag “Corrected Proof”, and it replaces the uncorrected manuscript. This is before articles are paginated for inclusion in a specific issue of the journal. When an article appears in an issue, it is removed from the Advance Access page, but both versions of the article continue to be accessible and citable.

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Impact Factor: 5.278

5-Yr impact factor: 8.147


Robert J. Barro
Elhanan Helpman
Lawrence F. Katz
Andrei Shleifer

Assistant Editor

Trina Ott