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Online Submission

Manuscripts must be submitted online. Once you have prepared your manuscript according to the instructions for authors, please visit the online submission web site to submit.

Preparing your manuscript

  • Follow the instructions for authors regarding the format of your manuscript and references.
  • Prepare your manuscript, including tables, using a word processing program and save it as a .doc or .rtf file. All files in .doc or .rtf formats will be converted to .pdf format upon submission. Prepare your figures at publication quality resolution, using applications capable of generating high-resolution .tif files.
  • When naming your files, please use simple file names and avoid special characters and spaces. If you are a Macintosh user, you must include the three-letter extension at the end of the file name (e.g., .doc, .rtf, .tif, .pdf, .mov).
  • The online submission software will automatically create a single .pdf file containing your main text and reduced-resolution version of any figures you have submitted. This document will be used when your manuscript undergoes peer review. Your submitted files will appear in this .pdf sequentially, as specified by you on the submission page, and you will have an opportunity to enter figure captions and check the .pdf file prior to final submission.

Submitting your manuscript

Now that your files are ready, please visit the online submission web site to submit.

  • First, you will need to log into the system. Note: Before you begin, you should be sure you are using an up-to-date version of Netscape or Internet Explorer. If you have an earlier version, you can download a free upgrade using the icons found at the bottom of the 'Instructions and Forms' section of the online submission web site.
    • If you know your login details (i.e., you have submitted or reviewed a manuscript on this system before), use your User ID and Password to log on.
    • If you do not know your login details, check to see if you are already registered by clicking on the 'Forgot your password' button and following the on-screen instructions. If you are not already registered, you can register by clicking on the 'Create account' button on the login screen and following the on-screen instructions.
    • If you have trouble finding manuscripts or have other problems with your account, do not create another account. Instead, please contact the journal's editorial office.
  • To submit a new manuscript, go to the 'Author Centre', choose 'Submit a Manuscript', and then follow the on-screen instrucitons. There are up to 7 steps for you to follow to submit your manuscript. You move from one step to the next by clicking on the 'Next' button on each screen or back to the previous screen by clicking on the 'Previous' button. Please note that if you click on the 'Back' or 'Forward' buttons on your browser, the information you have entered will not be saved. At any stage you can stop the submission process by clicking on the 'Main Menu' button. Everything you have typed into the system will be saved, and the partially completed submission will appear under 'unsubmitted manuscripts' in your 'Author Centre'. To return to the submission process you will need to click on the button 'Continue Submission' against the relevant manuscript title.
  • When submitting your manuscript, please enter your manuscript data into the relevant fields, following the detailed instructions at the top of each page. You may like to have the original word-processing file available so you can copy and paste the title and abstract into the required fields. You will also be required to provide email addresses for your co-authors, so please have these to hand when you log onto the site.
  • When you come to upload your manuscript files via the 'File Upload' screen:
    • Enter individual files using the 'Browse' buttons and select the appropriate 'File content' type.
    • Select the document's designation from the pull-down menu. The designation choices may vary from journal to journal but will always include a 'Main Document' (your manuscript text).
    • Upload your files by clicking on the 'Upload files' button. This converts your files to a PDF and may take several minutes. Repeat these steps until you have uploaded all your files.
    • When the upload of each file is completed, you will see a confirmation window and will be prompted to provide figure captions and 'file tags' that will link figures to text in the HTML proof of your main document.
    • Once you have uploaded all files, indicate the order in which they should appear in your paper. This will determine the order in which they appear in the consolidated PDF used for peer review.
    • After the successful upload of your text and images, you will need to view and proofread your manuscript. Please do this by clicking on the blue HTML button or a PDF button.
    • If the files have not been uploaded to your satisfaction, go back to the file upload screen where you can remove the files you do not want and repeat the process.
  • When you are satisfied with the uploaded manuscript proof click on 'Next' which will take you to the 'Review & Submit' screen. The system will check that you have completed all the mandatory fields and that you have viewed your manuscript proof. It will also present you with a summary of all the information you have provided and give you a final chance to edit it. When you have finished reviewing this information press 'Submit'.
  • After the manuscript has been submitted you will see a confirmation screen and receive an email confirmation stating that your manuscript has been successfully submitted. This will also give the assigned manuscript number, which is used in all correspondence during peer review. If you do not receive this, your manuscript will not have been successfully submitted to the journal and the paper cannot progress to peer review. If this is the case your manuscript will still be sitting in the 'Unsubmitted Manuscripts' section of your 'Author Centre' awaiting your attention.
  • If you return to your 'Author Centre' you will notice that your newly submitted manuscript can be found in the 'Submitted Manuscripts' area. Among the information listed there, the 'Processing Status' section provides information on the status of your manuscript as it moves through the review process.

Submitting a revised manuscript

  • Logon to the online submission web site as before and, in the 'Author Centre', click on 'Manuscripts with Decisions'. require a revision in the list at the bottom. Create a revision of this manuscript by clicking on 'create a revision' under Actions. You will now be able to see the editor and reviewer comments and will be able to respond to these.
  • You will need to upload the files that constitute your revised manuscript. To facilitate the production process, it is essential that you upload your revised manuscript as a .doc or .rtf file, and not in .pdf format. If you wish to finish this another time, you will find the ms in your 'Revised manuscripts in draft' list.
  • If you click on 'View comments/respond' you will see the editor's letter to you together with the referees' comments. You may cut and paste your responses into the text areas at the bottom of the screen.

Getting help. If you experience any problems during the online submission process please consult the Author's User Guide which provides more detailed submission instructions and 'movie tutorials' explaining how to submit your paper. Alternatively, please contact the journal's editorial office who will be pleased to assist you.