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Examples of citations and references

Citations or in-text references should be cited by giving the ‘author's name/s, year of publication’ in parenthesis: (Smith, 1999), (Hall and Soskice, 2001) or (Maurice et al., 1986) in case of more than two authors. Specific page numbers after a direct quotation should be written as follows – (Smith, 1999, p. 26) or (Hall and Soskice, 2001, pp. 55–57).
In-text lists of references should be listed in chronological order.

A reference list should appear at the end and should include only those references cited in the text. References should be one and a half-spaced and arranged alphabetically by author and chronologically for each author. Publications for the same author appearing in a single year should use a, b, c, etc.

Where there are more than two authors, the reference within the text should cite the first author et al. and the year: (Smith et al., 2000). The reference list should include all the authors for each publication: Smith, J., Doe, J. and Jones, R. (2000).

When citing chapters in edited books, the page numbers should be listed at the very end of the entry in the following format: …Cambridge, MA, MIT Press, pp. 27-39.

When citing articles in journals, the page numbers should be listed at the very end of the entry in the following format: Socio-Economic Review, 5, 87-96. Please note that the volume number is in bold face and that the page numbers are not preceded by 'pp'.

For the citation of newspaper articles or internet sources, please see the examples below.

Sample references as they should appear in the References list:


Hollingsworth, J. R. and Boyer, R. (1997) Contemporary Capitalism: The Embeddedness of Institutions, Cambridge/New York, NY, Cambridge University Press.

Maurice, M., Sellier, F. and Silvestre, J.-J. (1986) The Social Foundations of Industrial Power: A Comparison of France and Germany, Cambridge, MA, MIT Press.


Streeck, W. and Thelen, K. (eds) (2005) Beyond Continuity: Explorations in the Dynamics of Advanced Political Economies, Oxford, Oxford University Press.


Biddle J. (1991) ‘The Instrumental Presentism of John R. Commons’. In Brown, J. and van Keuren, D. (eds) The Estate of Social Knowledge, Baltimore, MD, John Hopkins Press, pp. 84-105.


Schneiberg, M. (2005) ‘What’s on the Path? Path Dependence, Organizational Diversity and the Problem of Institutional Change in the US Economy, 1900-1950’, Socio-Economic Review, 5, 47-80.


Epstein, E. (2006, February 2) 'Lawmakers Rip Net Giants for Bowing to China Censors', The San Francisco Chronicle, San Francisco, CA, p. A7.

The New York Times (2005, June 10) 'An Important Election Safeguard', New York, NY, p. 20.


Rodrik, D. (2002) ‘Feasible Globalizations’, accessed at on March 31, 2002.

Ahrweiler, P., Gilbert, N. and Pyka, A. (2006) ‘Institutions Matter but ... – Organisational Alignment in Knowledge-Based Industries’, Science, Technology & Innovation Studies, 2, p. 39-58, accessed at on April 16, 2006.


Casper, S. and Murray, F. (2003) ‘Commercialising science: how the organization of scientific labour markets impacts the development of biotech clusters’, Proceedings of the Social Construction of Clusters Conference, Visby, Sweden.

Sunder, S. (2006) ‘Balancing norms and Standards in Regulation of Accounting’, paper presented at the Annual Conference of SASE, Special Session on Accounting and Economics, University of Trier, Trier, Germany, June 30–July 2.


Boeri, T., Conde-Ruiz, J. I. and Galasso, V. (2003) Protecting against Labour Market Risk: Employment Protection or Unemployment Benefits?, CEPR Discussion Paper No. 3990, London, Center for Economic Policy Research.

Boeri, T., Conde-Ruiz, J. I. and Galasso, V. (2006) The Political Economy of Flexicurity, FEDEA Working Papers, 2006-15, Madrid, Fundación de Estudios de Economía Aplicada.

Schmitter, P. and Streeck, W. (1999) The Organization of Business Interests. Studying the Associative Action of Business in Advanced Industrial Societies, MPIfG Discussion Paper 99/1, Cologne, Max Planck Institute for the Study of Societies.