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Guidelines Governing Conflict of Interest

Toxicological Sciences ascribes in principle to the Conflict of Interest policy recommended by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE). The complete document appears at

The Toxicological Sciences guidelines are as follows:

When articles are submitted for consideration for publication in Toxicological Sciences, authors must indicate all sources of funding for the submitted work along with any potential financial or other interests that may be perceived to bias the research. This includes departmental, governmental, public interest, or institutional funds. All sponsors must be identified, even if their support is indirect. Authors are not required to state the monetary value of their financial interests.

In addition to financial relationships that may constitute a conflict of interest, factors such as professional collaboration or competition may constitute conflicts of interest that can affect the credibility of both the submitted article and the peer review process. All disclosures will be held in strict confidence during the review process. If a conflict of interest is noted by the corresponding author, this information will appear as a brief acknowledgement in the final printed article. Participants in the peer review process must also disclose any conflicting interest to the Editor, and such can serve as the basis for a selected reviewer to decline to participate in the review process.

Following are examples of conflicts of interest disclosed by authors and reviewers:

  1. The author/reviewer acknowledges that he/she (or family member) is employed by company X who owns the patent on the compound that appears in the manuscript.

  2. The author/reviewer acknowledges that he/she (or a family member) do(es) consulting work for an organization that competes with the organization that holds the patent on the referenced compound.

  3. The author acknowledges that he/she has a grant from Company X to do research in this area; the funding organization does not have control over the resulting publication.

  4. The author/reviewer acknowledges that he/she has an affiliation with a related industry or special interest group.