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Information for Authors

1. SUBMISSION OF TYPESCRIPTS

Twentieth Century British History now welcomes submissions via our online submissions website ScholarOne Manuscripts. Articles of between 7,000 and 10,000 words in length (including footnotes) should be submitted according to the instructions for online submission available here. If you are unable to submit online, please contact TCBH’s managing editor (Professor Lawrence Black) to discuss alternative arrangements.

We also welcome archive reports (3,000 to 5,000 words in length) and review articles. Suggestions for book reviews or review articles should go to the Reviews Editor, Dr Robert Saunders, in the first instance.
The Editors will notify authors as soon as possible about the acceptability of a paper, but will not enter into correspondence about papers considered unsuitable for publication. Neither the Editors nor the publisher accept responsibility for the views of authors expressed in their contribution.

TCBH offers an Advance Access system of publication whereby articles are published online ahead of the online and print issue, found here.

Language Editing

Particularly if English is not your first language, before submitting your manuscript you may wish to have it edited for language. This is not a mandatory step, but may help to ensure that the academic content of your paper is fully understood by journal editors and reviewers. Language editing does not guarantee that your manuscript will be accepted for publication. If you would like information about such services please click here. There are other specialist language editing companies that offer similar services and you can also use any of these. Authors are liable for all costs associated with such services.

2. PRESENTATION

The author should provide his/her full name, institutional affiliation and email address with the article. This email address will be reproduced as the corresponding address for the article unless otherwise requested. All article submissions must be accompanied by a short abstract (around 200 words) and four to five keywords. The total word count (including footnotes) should be added at the end of the manuscript.
Copies of any statistical tables, maps, or illustrations should be sent electronically where possible. If this is not possible authors should contact the TCBH managing editor (see above) to make alternative arrangements.
A mini style checklist for consultation prior to submission is available here.

3. LAYOUT

All articles should be presented in A4 page layout, in double spaced typing, with ample margins.
Each page of the typescript should be numbered.
Indent the first line of a new paragraph consistently, except immediately after a sub-heading, when the paragraph should start flush with the left-hand margin. There is no need for extra space between paragraphs. Avoid too many short paragraphs, as well as over-long paragraphs.
Footnotes should be numbered consecutively (1, 2, 3, etc, not i, ii, iii…) and presented in 1.5 or double spaced typing either as endnotes at the end of the article or as footnotes at the bottom of each page. If published, they will appear at the foot of the relevant page.
Book reviews should be presented according to the same layout as articles, though in book reviews there should be no footnotes.

4. SPELLING

Please use UK English spelling and punctuation (please refer to the Concise Oxford Dictionary if in any doubt). Use ‘z’ rather than 's' in words such as 'organize', where there is a choice. Alternative spellings used in quoted material and book and article titles should not be changed.

5. PUNCTUATION

5.1 Quotations

Quotations should be set in single inverted commas (quotation marks) if in the main text, with double quotation marks reserved only for a quotation within a quotation. The full point precedes the closing quotation mark ONLY if the quotation contains a grammatically complete sentence starting with a capital letter.
Quotations over three or four lines long should be indented and separated from the main text by a space above and below, and should not be set within quotation marks. Be sure to indicate by the indentation, or lack of it, of the first word of the matter following the quotation whether it is a new paragraph or a continuation of the paragraph containing the quote.

5.2 Abbreviations and Contractions

Unnecessary abbreviations should be avoided.
No full point should be used after contractions which end with the final letter of the original word (Mrs, Dr, edn, mss, hrs), or after acronyms (TUC, USA). But use for a.m./p.m. Full points are also required after ‘ed.’ (but not eds), ‘vol.’ (though not ‘vols’), ‘no.’ (but not nos), and ms. (but not mss).
The months of the year should be spelled out in full in the main text, but may be abbreviated in tables and footnotes (eg. 8 Nov 1945).

5.3 Capitalization

Capital letters should be used sparingly and for the specific rather than the general. Use 'the king’, but ‘King George V'; ‘the Church’ if the institution; but ‘the state’ (ie., the body politic), ‘the government’.
Offices of state should be capitalized (thus ‘the Prime Minister’, ‘the Home Secretary’), as should government ministries (‘Ministry of Defence’).
Political parties take capitals (‘the Labour Party’, but political movements do not (‘the labour movement’, ‘liberalism’, ‘communism’, ‘capitalism’, etc.).
Radical/radical; Liberal/liberal: capitalize when referring to a political party, lower case when used in a general political sense.
Use lower case for 'the left of the party', 'left-wing parties', 'the women's movement' etc.
Use 'the North', but ‘northern England’, 'south Wales’.
Book, journal and newspaper titles should be capitalized throughout. The titles of journal articles and chapters in books should not be capitalized.

5.4 Apostrophes

Use ’s for the possessive case in English names and surnames wherever possible: Charles’s, Jones’s.
Do not use ’s for plurals of capitalized abbreviations: NCOs, the 1960s (or the Joneses). Do use for lower-case abbreviations: e.m.f.’s, dotting his i’s.

5.5 Hyphens

Hyphens should be applied consistently. Please note the following:
inter-war, not interwar
the working class, but working-class aspirations
the twentieth century, but twentieth-century politics
in the long term , but long-term trends
Co-operative, but cooperation

5.6 Spacing

Dashes should be non-spaced long (--).
Ellipses should be spaced ( … )
Multiple initials in names should not be spaced: thus, G.D.H. Cole, not G. D. H. Cole.

5.7 Other

Please note: i.e. and e.g. not followed by comma.

6. NUMBERS AND DATES

Numbers in the text should be spelt out up to ninety-nine (except in the case of percentages etc), and appear as numerals from 100 upwards. Numbers appearing at the beginning of a sentence should be spelled out, as should round numbers ('one hundred') or approximate ones ('about three hundred and fifty'). Use ‘per cent’, not ‘%’.
Dates should appear as follows: 8 November 1945
The months of the year should be spelled out in full in the main text, but may be abbreviated in tables and footnotes (eg. 8 Nov 1945). Always use the name of the month, not the number.
The century number should be spelled out in full: the twentieth century
Decades should be presented as follows: the 1930s, not the 1930’s or the Thirties.
Use an oblique stroke for a year, such as a financial or academic year, covering more than one calendar year: 1998/9; the years 1995/6-1997/8.
Write ‘from 1924 to 1928’ not ‘from 1924-8’ and ‘between 1924 and 1928’ not ‘between 1924-8’.

7. ITALICS

Italics may be indicated by underlining or with an italic typeface. Use for titles of books, newspapers, journals and pamphlets, also films, plays, TV or radio programmes (series title, not episode title), also names of ships. Do not use for manuscripts, exhibitions, or individual episode titles of TV or radio series, where plain text in single inverted commas should be used.
NB: the Guardian, but The Times. For regional newspapers, indicate the locality where not evident from the title, e.g. the Glasgow Herald, but the London Evening Standard.
Foreign words that are not in common usage should be italicized, with a translation following in parentheses if appropriate.

8. TERMINOLOGY

Use Britain/Great Britain only when you intend to include England, Scotland and Wales in the term; do not use it as a synonym for England. United Kingdom refers to Great Britain and Northern Ireland. The British Isles refers to the United Kingdom and the Irish Republic.
Use United States of America or USA rather than America where there is a possibility of ambiguity.
Use the First World War, not the first world war, or World War I.

9. REFERENCES

Books should be cited as follows: author’s full name as it appears on the title page, book title (italicized), place and date of publication (both in brackets). Punctuation should be as in the examples below. In second and subsequent references, author surname and an abbreviated title should be adopted in preference to the use of Ibid. Page references should give the number only, without the preface p.. Book titles should be capitalized throughout.

Kenneth O. Morgan, Labour in Power 1945-1951 (Oxford, 1984).

Morgan, Labour, 72.

Edited collections are indicated by (ed.) for single editors and (eds) for multiple authors, as follows:

Angela V. John (ed.), Our Mothers’ Land: Chapters in Welsh Women’s History 1830-1939 (Cardiff, 1991).

Carl Bridge and Kent Fedorowich (eds), The British World: Diaspora, Culture and Identity (London, 2003).

Chapters in edited collections should be cited as follows: author’s full name as it appears on the contents page, title of chapter in single quotation marks, editor or editors’ full name(s) as they appear on the title page of the collection, title of the collection (italicized), place and date of publication (in brackets), and either full page reference or specific page reference as appropriate. Punctuation should be as in the examples below. The title of the collection should be capitalized throughout, but the title of the chapter should not be capitalized. In second and subsequent references, author surname and an abbreviated version of the chapter title (in quotation marks) should be adopted.

W.D. Rubinstein, `Men of property: Some aspects of occupation, inheritance and power among top British wealthholders’, in Philip Stanworth and Anthony Giddens (eds), Elites and Power in British Society (London, 1974), 144-69.

Rubinstein, ‘Men of property’, 145.

Journal articles should be cited as follows: author's name as it appears in the journal, title of article in single quotation marks, title of the journal (italicized), volume number of journal (Arabic numerals), year of publication (in brackets), and either full page reference or specific page reference as appropriate. Punctuation should be as in the examples below. The journal title should be capitalized throughout, but the title of the article itself should not be capitalized. In second and subsequent references to an article, author surname and an abbreviated version of the article title (in quotation marks) should be adopted.

Andrew Thorpe, ‘J.H. Thomas and the rise of the Labour Party in Derby, 1880-1945’, Midland History, 15 (1994), 111-28.

Thorpe, ‘J.H. Thomas’, 120.

Unpublished dissertations and theses should be cited as follows: author’s name, title of thesis in single quotation marks, degree for which the thesis was submitted (formatted as follows: MPhil, PhD, DPhil, etc), university, date of degree award. Punctuation should be as in the example below.

Matthew Frank, ‘Britain and the transfer of the Germans from East Central Europe, 1939-47’, DPhil thesis, University of Oxford, 2005.

Newspaper references should give the newspaper title (italicized), date, and page number if available.
The Times, 5 November 1952, 6. (alt: The Times, 5 Nov 1952, 6).
Please note: The Times, but Daily Mirror; also London Evening Standard

Official publications:
Parliamentary debates should be cited as follows: Parliamentary Debates (Commons/Lords), volume number, date, column number(s)

Parliamentary Debates (Commons), 163, 8 May 1923, 2166-9

Command Papers should be abbreviated as follows: Cmnd.

Manuscript references should list the following, in this order: Name of archive repository, location, name of manuscript collection (where appropriate), reference or file code used by the collection, document details (including date).

The first reference to the archive repository and/or manuscript collection should be in full, and should specify the short version to be used in any subsequent references (please check with the archive repository for their preferred short form of reference). Please note that the Public Record Office should now be referred to on first reference as The National Archives: Public Record Office, Kew; the standard short form TNA: PRO should then be employed in second and subsequent footnote references.

For website references, list the title of the website, the url, and the date of access.

10. ILLUSTRATIONS

Authors are welcome to submit illustrations (photographs etc.) to accompany their articles. Please note, however, that it is the author’s sole responsibility to obtain the relevant permissions for reproduction of such illustrations from the copyright holder and to make any payments required by the copyright holder. Only in exceptional circumstances will the journal make a contribution to the costs of obtaining such permissions.
Copies of any statistical tables, maps, or illustrations should be sent electronically where possible. They should be clearly labelled Figure 1, Figure 2, etc. Their approximate placing in the main text should be indicated as follows: [Figure 1 here]

11. COPYRIGHT/OFFPRINTS.

Upon receipt of accepted manuscripts at Oxford Journals authors will be invited to complete an online copyright licence to publish form.

Please note that by submitting an this article for publication you confirm that you are the corresponding/submitting author and that Oxford University Press ("OUP") may retain your email address for the purpose of communicating with you about the article. You agree to notify OUP immediately if your details change. If your article is accepted for publication OUP will contact you using the email address you have used in the registration process. Please note that OUP does not retain copies of rejected articles.

The corresponding author can order and pay for offprints using the Oxford Journals Author Services site.

The publisher will not put any limitation on the freedom of the author to use material contained in the paper in other published works of which he/she is author or editor. It is the author's responsibility to obtain permission to quote material from copyright sources.

12. ALTERATIONS TO ARTICLES.

To avoid delays in the production of the journal, proofs will be sent out as .pdf attachments. Contributors are therefore requested to include a current working email for this purpose and are asked to return their proofs promptly as instructed. The Editors reserve the right to reject alterations in proof due to the high costs involved.

13. SELF ARCHIVING POLICY

For information about this journal's policy, please visit our Author Self-Archiving policy page.

14. OPEN ACCESS OPTION FOR AUTHORS

Twentieth Century British History authors have the option to publish their paper under the Oxford Open initiative; whereby, for a charge, their paper will be made freely available online immediately upon publication. After your manuscript is accepted the corresponding author will be required to accept a mandatory licence to publish agreement. As part of the licensing process you will be asked to indicate whether or not you wish to pay for open access. If you do not select the open access option, your paper will be published with standard subscription-based access and you will not be charged.

Oxford Open articles are published under Creative Commons licences. Authors publishing in TCBH can use the following Creative Commons licences for their articles:

• Creative Commons Attribution licence (CC-BY)
• Creative Commons Non-Commercial licence (CC-BY-NC)
• Creative Commons non-Commercial No Derivatives licence (CC-BY-NC-ND)

Please click here for more information about the Creative Commons licences.


Open Access charges
If you choose the Open Access option you can pay the Open Access charges using our Author Services site. This will enable you to pay online with a credit/debit card, or request an invoice by email or post. The open access charges applicable are:

Regular charge - £1750/ $2800 / €2275
List B Developing country charge* - £875 / $1400 / €1135
List A Developing country charge* - £0 /$0 / €0
*Visit our Developing Countries page for a list of qualifying countries.

Please note that these charges are in addition to any other charges that may apply.

Orders from the UK will be subject to the current UK VAT charge. For orders from the rest of the European Union, OUP will assume that the service is provided for business purposes. Please provide a VAT number for yourself or your institution, and ensure you account for your own local VAT correctly.